Lih-sheng Turng

Kuo K. and Cindy F. Wang Professor, Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor

Room: 1051 ME
Mechanical Engineering Building
1513 University Avenue
Madison, WI 53706

Ph: (608) 262-0586
Fax: (608) 265-2316
turng@engr.wisc.edu


Profile Summary

Professor Turng is recognized for his research into the science and engineering of polymer injection molding. His research encompasses novel processes as well as new materials. He has been working in the area of microcellular injection molding, and has extended his research into nanocomposites, bio-based polymers, and tissue engineering scaffolds. Numerous grants and awards supporting his work have resulted, including the National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Award, several NSF Academic Program Awards, an Industrial Consortium, sponsored research programs, several Wisconsin Innovation & Economic Development Research Program awards, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) Accelerator Program awards, as well as grants from the Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He is the Co-Director of the Polymer Engineering Center and Engineering Polymer Industrial Consortium at UW-Madison, and NSF Industry/University Corporative Research Center (I/UCRC) that supports faculty research and outreach.

Turng had been with C-MOLD, a company recognized for its advanced plastics CAE simulation packages, for 10 years before joining UW-Madison in the summer of 2000. At C-MOLD, Turng was the Principal Investigator for four Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I, Phase II projects, and research grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the New York State Science and Technology Foundation.

At present, Professor Turng has served as the Chair and the Board of Directors of the Injection Molding Division of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE). In addition, he is on the Editorial Board for the Journal of Advances in Polymer Technology, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Journal of Cellular Plastics, and International Journal of Polymer Materials. Professor Turng was the invited panelist and speaker at the 2003 Wisconsin Economic Summit IV and plenary or keynote speaker at a number of other international conferences. He has served as the Chair of the Canadian NSERC Network for Innovative Plastic Materials and Manufacturing Processes (NIPMMP). He has published over 300 technical papers and has authored or edited a dozen books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and special issue journals.

Professor Turng is a Fellow member of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is the recipient of the 2011 “Engineer of the Year Award” from the Society of Plastics Engineers Injection Molding Division and an Honored Service Member of the SPE in 2014.

Professor Turng has recently been selected to join the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery (WID) at UW-Madison and lead an interdisciplinary team to develop innovative tissue engineering scaffolds that restore, maintain, or improve the function of diseased or damaged human tissues. He is also the University of Wisconsin–Madison Principal Investigator for the DOD Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute (DMDII) project, one of the President Obama’s National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) institutes.

Education

  • BS, 1981, National Taiwan University
  • MS, 1987, Cornell University
  • PhD, 1990, Cornell University

Research Interests

  • injection molding and innovative plastics manufacturing processes
  • bio-based polymers and tissue engineering scaffolds
  • microcellular injection molding (MuCell process)
  • nanocomposites and electro-active polymers (EAP\'s)
  • computer-aided engineering (CAE) and numerical simulation
  • design and process optimization
  • intelligent injection molding control
  • material characterization for plastics and metals
  • net-shape die casting using semi-solid alloys
  • Internet-based collaboration for design and manufacturing

Awards, Honors and Societies

  • Fellow, Society of Plastics Engineers, 2008 - present (chair of board of directors, Injection Molding Division)
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2008 - present
  • Honored Service Member Award, Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE), 2014.
  • Best Paper and Poster Awards, Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conferences (ANTEC), 2014, 2013, 2012, 1992
  • Engineer of the Year Award, Society of Plastics Engineers Injection Molding Division, 2011
  • Liu Memorial Award for academic achievement and leadership, Cornell University, 1986
  • Best paper award, Advanced Forming Technology and Material Processing, 2006
  • Best paper award, International Conference on Education and Information Systems, 2003
  • 3M Non-tenured Faculty Award, 2003 and 2004

Publications

  1. Peng, J., Walsh, P., Sabo, R., Turng, L. S., and Clemons, C. M., “Water-Assisted Compounding of Cellulose Nanocrystals into Polyamide 6 for Use as a Nucleating Agent for Microcellular Foaming,” accepted by Polymer, December 2015.
  2. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., McNulty, Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L. S., “Approaches to Fabricating Multiple-Layered Vascular Scaffolds Using Hybrid Electrospinning and Thermally Induced Phase Separation Methods,” accepted for publication by Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research.
  3. Wang, X., Jing, X., Peng, Y., Ma, Z., Liu, C., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “The Effect of Nanoclay on the Crystallization Behavior, Microcellular Structure, and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Nanocomposite Foams,” accepted by Polymer Engineering and Science, November 2015.
  4. Zhang, C., Zhai, T., Turng, L. S., and Dan, Y., “The Morphological, Mechanical, and Crystallization Behavior of Polylactide/Polycaprolactone Blends Compatibilized by L-Lactide/Caprolactone Copolymer,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 54, pp. 9505-9511, 2015, article first published online: DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.5b02134.
  5. Sun, X., Kharbas, H., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Highly Expanded Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Foam Using Microcellular Injection Molding and Gas-Laden Pellets with N2/N2 + CO2 as Blowing Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, article first published online: 11 AUG 2015, DOI: 10.1002/pen.24157.
  6. Xu, B.-P., He, L., Wang, M.-G., Tan, S.-Z., Yu, H.-W., and Turng, L.-S., “Numerical Simulation of Chaotic Mixing in Single Screw Extruders with Different Baffle Heights,” International Polymer Processing, in press.
  7. Peng, J., Ellingham, T., Sabo, R., Clemons, C. M., and Turng, L.-S., “Oriented Polyvinyl Alcohol Films Using Short Cellulose Nanofibrils as a Reinforcement,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, article first published online: 21 APR 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42283.
  8. Jing, X., Mi,H. Y., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T. M., Peng, X. F., Turng, L. S., “Electrospinning Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Oxide Scaffolds for Small Diameter Vascular Graft Applications,” Materials Science & Engineering C, 49, n1, pp. 40-50, 2015. One of the most downloaded Materials Science & Engineering C articles.
  9. Zhao, P., Peng, Y., Yang, W., Fu, J., and Turng, L.-S., “Crystallization Measurements via Ultrasonic Velocity: Study of Poly(lactic acid) Parts,” Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Physics, 53, n10, pp. 700-708, 2015. Featured on journal cover page.
  10. Sun, X., Kharbas, H., Peng, J., and Turng, L.-S., “A Novel Method of Producing Lightweight Microcellular Injection Molded Parts with Improved Ductility and Toughness,” Polymer, 56, n15, pp. 102-110, 2015.
  11. Zhang, C., Wang, L., Zhai, T., Dan, L., and Turng, L. S., “The Surface Grafting of Graphene Oxide with Poly(ethyleneglycol) as a Reinforcement for Poly(lactic acid) Nanocomposite Scaffolds in Potential Tissue Engineering Applications,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, article first published online: 8 SEP 2015, DOI:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.08.043.
  12. Srithep, Y., Pholharn, D., Turng, L.-S., Veang-in, O., and Morris, J., “Effects of Nucleation and Stereocomplex Formation of Poly(lactic acid),” Journal of Polymer Engineering, article first published online: DOI 10.1515/polyeng-2015-0357.
  13. Kuang, T. Q., Zhou, K., Wu, L. X., and Turng, L. S., “Experimental Study on the Penetration Interfaces of Pipes with Different Cross-Sections in Overflow Water-Assisted Co-Injection Molding,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, article first published online: 15 SEP 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42866.
  14. Mi, H., Jing, X., Yu, E., McNulty, J., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L. S., “Fabrication of Triple-Layered Vascular Scaffolds by Combining Electrospinning, Braiding, and Thermally Induced Phase Separation,” Materials Letters, 161, n15, pp. 305-308, 2015.
  15. Xu, B., Yu, H., Kuang, T. and Turng, L. S., “Evaluation of Mixing Performance in a Baffled Screw Channel Using Lagrangian Particle Calculations,” Advances in Polymer Technology, article first published online: 31 AUG 2015, DOI: 10.1002/adv.21577.
  16. Zhao, H., Zhao, G., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Structural Evolution of Uniaxial Tensile-Deformed Injection Molded Poly(e-caprolactone)/Hydroxyapatite Composites,” Polymer Composites, article first published online: 17 AUG 2015, DOI: 10.1002/pc.23747.
  17. Zhao, H., Zhao, G., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Enhancing Nanofiller Dispersion Through Pre‑foaming and Its Effect on the Microstructure of Microcellular Injection Molded Polylactic Acid/Clay Nanocomposites,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, article first published online: 25 JUNE 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s10570-015-0684-1.
  18. Zhou, Y. G., Wu, W. B., Zou, J., and Turng, L. S., “Dual-scale Modeling and Simulation of Film Casting of Isotactic Polypropylene,” Journal of Plastic Film and Sheeting, article first published online: 23 JULY 2015, DOI: 10.1177/8756087915595853.
  19. Barari, B., Ellingham, T. K., Qamhia, I. I., Pillai, K. M., El-Hajjar, R., Turng, L. S., and Sabo, R., “Mechanical characterization of Scalable Cellulose Nano-Fiber based Composites Made using Liquid Composite Molding Process,” Composites Part B, article first published online: 21 AUG 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.08.040.
  20. Kuang, T. Q., Xu, B. P., Zhou, G. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Numerical Simulation on Residual Thickness of Pipes with Curved Sections in Water-Assisted Co-Injection Molding,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, article first published online : 27 MAY 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42468.
  21. X. Jing,H. Y. Mi, M. R. Salick, T. M. Cordie, X. F. Peng, L. S. Turng, “Electrospinning Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Oxide Scaffolds for Small Diameter Vascular Graft Applications,” Materials Science & Engineering C, 49, n1, pp. 40-50, 2015.
  22. Xu, B., Kuang, T., Yu, H., Wang, M., and Turng, L. S., “Enhancement of Mixing by Different Baffle Arrays in Cavity Flows,” Chemical Engineering Science, 137, n1, pp. 837-851, 2015.
  23. Srithep, Y., Pholhan, D., Turng, L. S., and Veang-in, O., “Injection Molding and Characterization of Polylactide Stereocomplex,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, 120, pp. 290-299, 2015.
  24. Chen, B. Y., Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Zhao, H. B., Zhang, W. H., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L. S., “Fabrication of Polylactic Acid/Polyethylene Glycol (PLA/PEG) Porous Scaffold by Supercritical CO2 Foaming and Particle Leaching,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 55, n6, pp. 1339-1348, 2015.
  25. Zhai, T., Zheng, Q., Cai, Z., Turng, L.-S., Xia, H., Gong, S., “Polyvinyl Alcohol/Cellulose Nanofibril Hybrid Aerogels with an Aligned Micro-tubular Porous Structure and Their Composites with Polydimethylsiloxane,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces,7, n13, pp. 7436-7444, 2015.
  26. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Wang, X. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Shish–Kebab Structured Poly(ɛ-caprolactone) Nanofibers Hierarchically Decorated with Chitosan–Poly(ε-caprolactone) Copolymers for Bone Tissue Engineering,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 7, n12, pp. 6955-6965, 2015.
  27. Jing, X., Jin, E., Mi, H. Y., Li, W. J., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Hierarchically Decorated Electrospun Poly(ε-caprolactone)/Nanohydroxyapatite Composite Nanofibers for Bone Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Materials Science, 50, n12, pp. 4174-4186, 2015.
  28. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., McNulty, J., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “In Vitro Evaluations of Electrospun Nanofiber Scaffolds Composed of Poly(ɛ-caprolactone) and Polyethylenimine for Vascular Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Materials Research, 30, n11, pp. 1808-1819, 2015. Featured on journal cover page.
  29. Zhang, C., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T., Ellingham, T., Dan, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “Incorporation of Poly(ethylene glycol) Grafted Cellulose Nanocrystals in Poly(lactic acid) Electrospun Nanocomposite Fibers as Potential Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering,” Materials Science and Engineering C, 49, pp. 463-471, 2015.
  30. Peng, Y., Ellingham, T., Jin, N., Yuan, H. Y., Wang, X., Li, H., and Turng, L.-S., “Stress-Dielectric Relationships in Nutella,” Journal of Food Engineering, 154, pp. 25-29, 2015.
  31. Wang, X. C., Peng, Y., Yuan, H., Liu, C., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C. Y., “Fracture Toughness Assessment of Polypropylene Random Copolymer With Multiple Stress Modes Using the Essential Work of Fracture Theory,” Polymer Testing, 41, pp. 73-81, 2015.
  32. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Peng, J., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L. S., “Electrospun Aligned Poly(propylene carbonate) Microfibers with Chitosan Nanofibers as Tissue Engineering Scaffolds,” Carbohydrate Polymers, 117,pp. 941-949, 2015.
  33. Peng, J., Sun, X., Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Novel Foaming Method to Fabricate Microcellular Injection Molded Polycarbonate Parts Using Sodium Chloride and Active Carbon as Nucleating Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 55, n7, pp. 1634-1642, 2015.
  34. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T. M., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Properties and Fibroblast Cellular Response of Soft and Hard Thermoplastic Polyurethane Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 103, n5, pp. 960-970, 2015.
  35. Nishida, Y., Doumura, R., Sakai, R., Okamoto, M., Arakawa, S., Ishiki, R., Salick, M. R., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of PLLA/HA Composite Scaffolds modified by DNA,” Polymer, 56, pp. 73-81, 2015.
  36. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “The Morphology, Properties, and Shape Memory Behavior of Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Blends,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 55, n1, pp. 70-80, 2015.
  37. Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., Jing, X., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Electrospinning of Unidirectionally and Orthogonally Aligned Thermoplastic Polyurethane Nanofibers: Fiber Orientation and Cell Migration,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part A, 103, n2, pp. 593-603, 2015.
  38. Xu, B., Turng, L.-S., Yu, H., and Wang, M., “Topological Chaos by Pseudo-Anosov Map in Cavity Laminar Mixing,\" Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics, 10, n2, 021013-1 - 021013-10, doi: 10.1115/1.4026634, 2015.
  39. Sun, X., Kharbas, H., Peng, J., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Super Ductile Polymeric Blends Using Microcellular Injection Molding,” Manufacturing Letters, 2, n2, pp. 64-68, 2014.
  40. Peng, J., Ellingham, T., Sabo, R., Turng, L.-S., and Clemons, C. M., “Short Cellulose Nanofibrils as Reinforcement in Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber,” Cellulose, 21, pp. 4287-4298, 2014.
  41. Zhang, C., Peng, J., Sabo, R., Clemons, C. M., Dan, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber Composites Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals from Southern Pine,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 33, nS1, article first published online: 24 JUL 2014, DOI: 10.1002/adv.21448.
  42. Jing,X., Mi, H. Y., Cordie, T., Peng, J., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Porous Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) Scaffolds Containing Chitosan Nanofibers by Combining Extrusion Foaming, Leaching and Freeze Drying Methods,” Industrial Engineering & Chemical Research, 53, n46, pp. 17909-17918, 2014.
  43. Zhang, C., Zhai, T., Sabo, R., Clemons, C., Dan, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “Reinforcing Natural Rubber with Cellulose Nanofibrils Extracted from Bleached Eucalyptus Kraft Pulp,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 8, n3, pp. 317-324, 2014.
  44. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Peng, J., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/Cellulose Nano-crystal (CNC) Nanocomposites and Foams,” Cellulose, 21, pp. 2727-2741, 2014.
  45. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Cordie, T., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Shish–Kebab Structured Poly (ε-caprolactone) Electrospun Nanofibers That Mimic Collagen Fibrils: Effect of Solvents and Matrigel Functionalization,” Polymer, 55, n21, pp. 5396-5406, 2014.
  46. Cordie, T., Harkness, T., Jing, X., Carlson-Stevermer, J., Mi, H. Y., Turng, L.-S., and Saha, K., “Nanofibrous Electrospun Polymers for Reprogramming Human Cells,” Journal of Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering, 7, n3, pp. 379-393, 2014.
  47. Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T., Mi, H. Y., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Electrospinning Homogeneous Nanofibrous Poly(propylene carbonate)/Gelatin Composite Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, n22, pp. 9391-9400, 2014.
  48. Peng, J., Zhang, C., Mi, H. Y., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Study of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Poly (butylenes adipate-co- terephthalate) (PBAT)/Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Biodegradable Parts,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, n20, pp. 8493-8500, 2014.
  49. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Fabrication of Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Tissue Engineering Scaffold by Combining Microcellular Injection Molding and Particle Leaching,” Journal of Materials Research, 29, n8, pp. 911-922, 2014.
  50. McNulty, J., Klann, T., Sha, J., Salick, M., Knight, G. T., Turng, L.-S., and Ashton, R., “High-Precision Robotic Microcontact Printing (R-mCP) Utilizing A Vision Guided Selectively Compliant Articulated Robotic Arm,” Lab on A Chip, 14, pp. 1923-1930, 2014.
  51. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Han, J., Turng, L.-S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication and Characterization of Highly Porous Chitosan/Poly(DL lactic-co-glycolic acid) Nano-composite Scaffolds Using Electrospinning and Freeze Drying,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 8, n3, pp. 281-291, 2014.
  52. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Porous Synthetic Polymer Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 51, n2, pp. 165-196, 2015.
  53. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Morphology, Mechanical Properties, and Shape-Memory Effects of Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU)/Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) Blend Scaffolds Prepared by Thermally Induced Phase Separation,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 50, n4, pp. 361-379, 2014.
  54. Mi, H. Y., Palumbo, S., Jing, X, Turng, L.-S., Li, W. J., and Peng, X.F., “Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Hydroxyapatite Electrospun Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering: Effects of Polymer Properties and Particle Size,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B., 102, n7, pp. 1434-1444, 2014.
  55. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Salick, M., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Preparation of Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Oxide Composite Scaffolds by Thermally Induced Phase Separation,” Polymer Composites, 35, n7, pp. 1408-1417, 2014.
  56. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T. M., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Morphology, Mechanical Properties, and Mineralization of Rigid Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Applications: Effects of Fabrication Approaches and Hydroxyapatite Size,\" Journal of Materials Science, 49, pp. 2324-2337, 2014.
  57. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “A Novel Thermoplastic Polyurethane Scaffold Fabrication Method Based on Injection Foaming with Water and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Coblowing Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 54, n12, pp. 2947-2957, 2014.
  58. Mi, H. Y., Li, Z., Turng, L.-S., Sun, Y., Gong, S., “Silver Nanowire/Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomer Nanocomposites: Thermal, Mechanical, and Dielectric Properties,” Materials and Design, 56, pp. 398-404, 2014.
  59. Srithep, Y. and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular Injection Molding of Recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Blends with Chain Extenders and Nanoclay,” Journal of Polymer Engineering, 34, n1, pp. 5-13, 2014.
  60. Xi, Z., Zhang, F., Zhong, H., Liu, T., Zhou, L., and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular Injection Molding of In-situ Modified Poly(ethylene terephthalate) with Supercritical Nitrogen,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 54, n12, pp. 2739-2745, 2014.
  61. Wang, X. F., Salick, M., Wang, X. D., Cordie, T., Han, W., Peng, Y., Li, Q., and Turng, L.-S., “Poly(ε-caprolactone) Nanofibers with a Self-Induced Nanohybrid Shish-Kebab Structure Mimicking Collagen Fibrils,” Biomacromolecules, 14, n10, pp. 3557-3569, 2013.
  62. Srithep, Y., Ellingham, T., Sabo, R., Clemons, C., Turng, L.-S., and Pilla S., \" Melt Compounding of Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)/ Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nanocomposites: Properties, Solubility of Carbon Dioxide, and Foaming,\" Polymer Degradation and Stability, 98, n8, pp. 1439-1449, 2013.
  63. Sun, X. and Turng, L.-S., “Novel Injection Molding Foaming Approaches Using Gas-Laden Pellets with N2, CO2, And N2 + CO2 as the Blowing Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 54, n4, pp. 899-913, 2014.
  64. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Han, J., Turng, L.-S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication of Highly Porous Interconnected Three-dimensional Scaffold with Micro-channels,” Chinese Journal of Polymer Science, 32, 6, pp. 1-7, 2014.
  65. Srithep, Y., Nealey, P., and Turng, L. S., “Effects of Annealing Time and Temperature on the Crystallinity, Heat Resistance Behavior, and Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Poly(lactic Acid) (PLA),” Polymer Engineering and Science, 53, n3, 580-588, 2013.
  66. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salic, M. R., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., Crone, W. C., “Approach to Fabricating Thermoplastic Polyurethane Blends and Foams with Tunable Properties by Twin-Screw Extrusion and Microcellular Injection Molding,” Advances for Polymer Technologies, 33, n1, pp. 1-11, (DOI 10.1002/adv.21380), 2014.
  67. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Jacques, B. R., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Characterization and Properties of Electrospun Thermoplastic Polyurethane Blend Fibers: Effect of Solution Rheological Properties on Fiber Formation,” invited review paper, Journal of Materials Research, 28, 17, pp. 2339-2350, 2013.Featured on journal cover page.
  68. Wang, X. F., Zhao, H. B., Turng, L. S., Li, Q., “Crystalline Morphology of Electrospun Poly(-caprolactone) Nanofibers,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research,March, 52, 13, pp. 4939-4949, 2013.
  69. Zhao, H. B., Cui, Z., Wang, X. F., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “Processing and Characterization of Solid and Microcellular Poly (lactic acid)/Polyhydroxybutyrate-valerate (PLA/PHBV) Blends and PLA/PHBV/Clay Nanocomposites,” Composites Part B,51, pp. 79-91, 2013.
  70. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Peng, J., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “Influence and Prediction of Processing Parameters on Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Based on Orthogonal Array Test,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 49, 5, pp. 439-458, 2013.
  71. Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., Jing, X., Jacques, B., Turng, L.-S., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., “Characterization of Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Polylactic Acid (TPU/PLA) Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated by Microcellular Injection Molding,” Journal of Materials Science and Engineering C, 33, n8, pp. 4767-4776, 2013.
  72. Chen, J., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Zhao, L., Liu, T., and Yuan, W. K., “Investigation of Crystallization Behavior of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Polypropylene/Nano-Calcium Carbonate Composites Using Carbon Dioxide as a Blowing Agent,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 49, 5, pp. 459-475, 2013.
  73. Zhao, H. B., Cui, Z., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “The Morphology and Properties of Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactic Acid/Polyhydroxybutyrate-Valerate (PLA/PHBV) Blends,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research,52, 7, pp. 2569-2581, 2013.
  74. Xu, B., Liu, Y., Yu, H., and Turng, L. S., “Chaotic Mixing in a Single Screw Extruder with a Moving Internal Baffle,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 54, n1, pp. 198-207, 2014.
  75. Yu, E. and Turng, L. S., “Application of the Variational Asymptotic Method for Unit Cell Homogenization (VAMUCH) in the Prediction of Mechanical Properties for Microcellular Plastics,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 49, n4, pp. 301-315, 2013.
  76. Cui, Z., Peng, Y., Li, K., Peng, J., Pilla, S., Li, W-J., Turng, L-S., Shen, C., “A Study on the in-vitro Degradation Rate of Polyanhydride (Poly(sebacic acid), diacetoxy terminated, PSADT) for Potential Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering Scaffold Applications,” Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Materials Science Edition, 28, n4, pp. 793-797, 2013.
  77. Srithep, Y., Turng, L. S., Sabo, R., and Clemons, C., “Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Reinforced Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH) Nanocomposites: Properties, Solubility of Carbon Dioxide, and Foaming,” Cellulose, 19, n4, pp. 1209-1223, August, 2012.
  78. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Kaland, M., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “Morphology and Properties of Porous and Interconnected Poly(e-caprolactone) Matrices Using Solid and Microcellular Injection Molding,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 6, n3, pp. 259-268, June, 2012.
  79. Cui, Z., Nelson, B., Peng, Y., Li, K., Pilla, S., Li, W. J., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication and Characterization of Injection Molded Poly (ε-caprolactone) and Poly (ε-caprolactone)/Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: Part C, 32, 1674-1681, 2012.
  80. Peng, J., Srithep, Y., Wang, J., Yu, E., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Comparisons of Microcellular Polylactic Acid (PLA) Parts Injection Molded with Supercritical Nitrogen and Expandable Thermoplastic Microspheres: Surface Roughness, Tensile Properties, and Morphology,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 48, n5, pp. 433-444, 2012.
  81. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Clemons, C. C., Turng, L. S.; Gong, S., “Processing of PHBV-Based Bionanocomposite Foams Using Supercritical Fluids,” DOI: 10.1557/ jmr.2012.74, Journal of Materials Research, 27, n11, pp.1506-1517, 2012.
  82. Peng, J., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “A New Microcellular Injection Molding Process for Polycarbonate (PC) Using Water as the Physical Blowing Agent,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 52, n7, pp. 1464-1473, 2012.
  83. Hsu, C. L., Turng, L. S., Osswald, T. A., Rudolph, N., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “Effects of Pressure and Supercritical Fluid on Melt Viscosity of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) in Conventional and Microcellular Injection Molding,” DOI: 10.3139/217.2493, International Polymer Processing, 27, n1, pp. 18-24, 2012.
  84. Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Based Supercritical Fluid Dosage Control for Microcellular Injection Molding,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 31, n1, pp. 7-19, 2012.
  85. Li, K., Cui, Z., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Huang, H. X., “Effects of Nanoclay on the Morphology and Physical Properties of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Polyactide/Poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PLA/PBAT) Nanocomposites and Blends,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 5, n4, pp. 442-451, 2011.
  86. Peng, Y., Turng, L. S., Cui, Z., Woodson, R. D., Li, H., and Wang, X., “Viscoelastic Properties of Blood Studied through Piezoresistance Measurements,” Biorheology, 48, n3, pp. 161-172, 2011.
  87. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., Gorton, P., “Novel Foam Injection Molding Technology Using CO2-Laden Pellets,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, n11, pp. 2295-2303, 2011.
  88. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Pilla, S., Clemons, C. M., Gong, S,, Turng, L. S., “Microcellular Poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)-Hyperbranched Polymer–Nanoclay Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, n9, pp. 1815-1826, 2011.
  89. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “A Novel Method for Improving the Surface Quality of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts,” Polymer, 52, n6, pp. 1436-1446, 2011.
  90. Peng, Y. Y., Cui, Z. and Turng, L. S., “A Study of the Relationship between the Rheo-dielectric Effect and the Elasticity of Viscoelastic Materials,” Journal of Rheology, 55, n2, pp.301-312, 2011.
  91. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Li, K., and Huang, H. X., “Fracture Behavior and Optical Properties of Melt Compounded Semi-Transparent Polycarbonate (PC)/Alumina Nanocomposites,” Composites Part A, 42, pp. 1903-1909, 2011.
  92. DeCicco, M., Turng, L. S., Li, X., and Perepezko, J., “Nucleation Catalysis in Aluminum Alloy A356 Using Nanoscale Inoculants,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 42A, pp. 2323-2330, 2011.
  93. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Peng, J., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “The Effect of Polymer Additives on Surface Quality of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts,” International Polymer Processing, 26, n4, pp. 429-436, 2011.
  94. Li, K., Peng, J., Turng, L. S., and Huang, H. X., “Dynamic Rheological Behavior and Morphology of Polylactide (PLA)/Poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) Blends with Various Composition Ratios,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 30, n2, pp. 150-157, 2011.
  95. Peng, J., Yu, E., Sun, S., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “Study of Microcellular Injection Molding with Expandable Thermoplastic Microsphere,” International Polymer Processing, 26, n3, pp. 249-255, 2011.
  96. De Cicco, M. P., Perepezko, J. H., Turng, L. S., Li, X., “Nucleation Catalysis Potency of Ceramic Nanopartilces in Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites,”Materials Fabrication, Properties, Characterization, and Modeling, V. 2, pp. 737-744, 2011.
  97. Srithep, Y., Javadi, A., Pilla, S., Clemons, C., Peng, J., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Processing and Characterization of Recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) Blends with Chain Extenders (CE), Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE), and/or Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT),” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, n6, pp. 1023-1032, 2011.
  98. Peng, J., Li, K., Cui, Z., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Comparisons of Microcellular PHBV/PBAT Parts Injection Molded with Supercritical Nitrogen and Expandable Thermoplastic Microspheres: Surface Roughness, Tensile Properties, and Morphology,” Cellular Polymers, 29, n6, pp. 327-342, 2010.
  99. Lee, J., Kramschuster, A. and Turng, L. S., “Microcellular Foaming of LDPE-based Composites,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 49, n13, pp. 1339-1346, 2010.
 

100. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Lee, J., Pilla, S., Clemons, C., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Processing and Characterization of Microcellular PHBV/PBAT blends and its Recycled Wood Fiber/Nanoclay Composites,” Composites Part A, 41, n8, pp. 982-990, 2010.

101. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Pilla, S., Lee, J., Gong, S. and Turng, L. S. \"Processing and Characterization of Solid and Microcellular PHBV/Coir Fiber Composites,\" Materials Science and Engineering C, 30, n5, pp. 749-757, 2010.

102. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Lee, J., Clemons, C., Gong, S., and Turng, L-S., \"Microcellular Processing of Polylactide-Hyperbranched Polyester-Nanoclay Composites,\" Journal of Materials Science, 45, pp. 2732-2746, 2010.

103. Zhou, Y., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C. Y., “Morphological Evolution and Orientation Development of Stretched iPP Films: Influence of Draw Ratio,” Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, 48, n11, pp. 1223-1234, 2010.

104. Lee, J. and Turng, L. S., “Improving Surface Quality of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts through Mold Surface Temperature Manipulation with Thin Film Insulation,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n7, pp. 1281-1289, 2010.

105. Zhou, Y., Turng, L. S., Shen, C. Y., Peng, J., Chen, J. B., and Zhang, X. L., “Modeling and Prediction of Morphology and Crystallinity for Cylindrical-Shaped Crystals during Polymer Processing,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n6, pp. 1226-1235, 2010.

106. Peng, Y., Li, H., and Turng, L. S., “Development of the Rheo-Dielectric Sensor toward On-line Shear Stress Measurement during the Injection Molding Process,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n1, pp. 61-68, 2010.

107. Kramschuster, A. and Turng, L. S., “An Injection Molding Process for Manufacturing Highly Porous and Interconnected Biodegradable Polymer Matrices for Use as Tissue Engineering Scaffolds,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B - Applied Biomaterials, 92, n2, pp. 366-376, 2010.

108. Zhou, Y. G., Shen, C. Y., Turng, L. S., Liu, C. T, and Li, Q., “Computational Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Flow-Induced Crystallization Kinetics During Injection Molding of Polyethylene Terephthalate,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29, n1, pp. 76-86, 2010.

109. Javadi, A., Kramschuster, A., Pilla, S., Lee, J., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Processing and Characterization of Microcellular PHBV/PBAT Blends,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n7, pp. 1440-1448, 2010.

110. De Cicco, M., Li, X., and Turng, L. S., “Semi-Solid Casting (SSC) of Zinc Alloy Nanocomposites,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209, pp. 5881-5885, 2009.

111. De Cicco, M., Konishi, H., Cao, G., Choi, H., Turng, L. S., Perepezko, J., Kou, S., Lakes, R., and Li, X., “Strong, Ductile Magnesium-Zinc Nanocomposites,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A., 40A, pp. 3038-3045, 2009.

112. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Yang, L., Gong, S., Chandra, A., and Turng, L-S., \"Microcellular Injection-Molding of Polylactide with Chain-Extender,\" Materials Science and Engineering: C, 29 (4), pp. 1258-1265, 2009.

113. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Lee, J., Auer, G. K., Gong, S., and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular and Solid Polylactide-Flax Fiber Composites,” Composite Interfaces, 16, n7-9, pp. 869-890, 2009.

114. Martinez, K., Li, H., Turng, L. S., Kramschuster, A., and Lee, J., “Effects of Nucleating and Clarifying Agents on the Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Polypropylene Parts,” International Journal of Polymers and Technologies, 1, n1, pp. 57-66, 2009.

115. Gao, Y., Turng, L. S., Wang, X., “Process Optimization and Effects of Material Properties on Numerical Prediction of Warpage for Injection Molding,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 27, n4, pp. 199-216, 2008.

116. Gao, Y., Turng, L. S., Wang, X., “Adaptive Geometry and Process Optimization for Injection Molding Using the Kriging Surrogate Model Trained by Numerical Simulation,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 27, n1, 1-16, 2008.

117. DeCicco, M., Turng, L. S., Li, X., Perepezko, J. H., “Production of Semi-Solid Slurry through Heterogeneous Nucleation in Metal Matrix Nanocomposites Using Nano-scale Ultrasonically Dispersed Inoculants,” Solid State Phenomena, 141-143, pp. 487-492, 2008.

118. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Gopalan, P., Rowell, R. M., and Gong, S., “Study of Utilizing Thin Polymer Surface Coating on the Nanoparticles for Melt Compounding of Polycarbonate/Alumina Nanocomposites and Their Optical Properties,” Composites Science and Technology, 68, pp. 768-776, 2008.

119. Kramschuster, A., Pilla, S., Gong, S., Chandra, A., and Turng, L. S., “Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactide Compounded with Recycled Paper Shopping Bag Fibers,” invited paper for a special issue of International Polymer Processing, 22, n5, pp.436-445, 2007.

120. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Gong, S., Chandra, A., and Turng, L. S., “Solid and Microcellular Polylactide-Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites,” invited paper for a special issue of International Polymer Processing, 22, n5, pp.418-428, 2007.

121. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Adaptive Multi-Objective Optimization of Process Conditions for Injection Molding Using Gaussian Process Approach,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 26, n2, pp. 71-85, 2007.

122. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Gopalan, P., Rowell, R. M., and Gong, S., “Semitransparent Poly(styrene-r-maleic anhydride)/Alumina Nanocomposites for Optical Applications,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 105, n5, pp. 2728-2736, 2007.

123. Chen, Z. B. and Turng, L. S., “Injection Molding Quality Control by Integrating Weight Feedback into a Cascade Closed-Loop Control System,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, n6, pp. 852-862, 2007.

124. Yuan, M., Song, Q. and Turng, L. S., “Spatial Orientation of Nanoclay and Crystallite in Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, n6, pp. 765-779, 2007.

125. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Process Optimization of Injection Molding Using an Adaptive Surrogate Model with Gaussian Process Approach,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, n5, pp. 684-694, 2007.

126. Kramschuster, A., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., Li, T., and Li, T. “Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactide and Polylactide Nanocomposites,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 1, n1, pp. 37-45, 2007.

127. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Gong, S., Hall, D. C., Caulfield, D. F., and Yang, H. “Study of Polystyrene/Titanium Dioxide Nanocomposites via Melt Compounding for Optical Applications,” Polymer Composites, 28, n2, pp. 241-250, 2007.

128. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Injection Molding Filling with Finite Volume Method and Parallel Computing,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 25, n4, pp. 247-258, 2007. (One of the 10 most-cited articles in Advances in Polymer Technology from 2007 to 2008. The data have been compiled from Thomson ISI Web of Science®.)

129. Kramschuster, A., Cavitt, R., Ermer, D., Chen, Z. B., and Turng, L. S., “Effect of Processing Conditions on Shrinkage and Warpage and Morphology of Injection Molded Parts Using Microcellular Injection Molding,” Plastics, Rubber and Composites: Macromolecular Engineering, 35, n5, pp. 198-209, 2006.

130. DeCicco, M., Turng, L. S., Li, X., and Perepezko, J., “Semi-Solid Casting of Metal Matrix Nanocomposites,” Journal of Solid State Phenomena, 116-117, pp. 478-483, 2006.

131. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Single and Multi Objective Optimization for Injection Molding Using Numerical Simulation with Surrogate Models and Genetic Algorithms,” International Polymer Processing, 21, n5, pp. 509-520, 2006.

132. Li, G., Li, H., Turng, L. S., Gong, S., and C. Zheng, “Measurement of Gas Solubility and Diffusivity in Polylactide,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, 246, n1-2, pp. 158-166, 2006.

133. Yuan, M. and Turng, L. S., “Studies of Microcellular Nanocomposites with Supercritical Fluid Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Plastics, Rubber and Composites: Macromolecular Engineering, 35, n3, pp. 129-138, 2006.

134. Li, T., Turng, L. S., and Gong, S., “Polylactide, Nanoclay, and Core-shell Rubber Composites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n10, pp. 1419-1427, 2006.

135. Kim, S. and Turng, L. S. “Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Injection Molding Filling of Optical Lens and Multi-scale Geometry Using Finite Element Method,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n9, pp. 1263-1274, 2006.

136. Shen, C., Kramschuster, A., Ermer, D., and Turng, L. S. “Study of Shrinkage and Warpage in Microcellular Co-Injection Molding,” International Polymer Processing, 21, n4, pp. 393-401. 2006.

137. Chen, Z. B., Turng, L. S., and Wang, K. K., “Adaptive Online Quality Control for Injection Molding by Monitoring and Controlling Mold Separation,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n5, pp. 569-580, May 2006.

138. Kramschuster, A., Cavitt, R., Shen, C., Ermer, D., and Turng, L. S., “Quantitative Study of the Dimensional Stability of Injection Molded Parts Using Conventional and Microcellular Injection Molding and Microcellular Co-Injection Molding,” Journal of Plastics Technology, a reviewed Internet periodical published under the auspices of the “Scientific Alliance of Polymer Technology (WAK),” WAK Kunststofftechnik, 01/2006.

139. Chen, Z. B., Giacomin, A. J., and Turng, L. S., “Flash,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n3, pp. 241-247, 2006.

140. Yuan, M., Turng, L. S., and D. Caulfield, “Crystallization and Thermal Behavior of Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n7, pp. 904-918, 2006.

141. Yuan, M. and Turng, L. S., “Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer, 46, n18, pp. 7273-7292, 2005.

142. Hackl, C., Tang, H. Y., Lorenz, R. D., Turng, L. S., and Schröder, D., “A Multi-Domain Model of Planar Electro-Active Polymer Actuators,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 41, n5, pp. 1142-1148, 2005.

143. Kramschuster, A., Cavitt, R., Ermer, D., Chen, Z. B., Turng, L. S., “Quantitative Study of Shrinkage and Warpage Behavior for Microcellular and Conventional Injection Molding,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, n10, pp. 1408-1418, 2005.

144. Gong, S., Yuan, M., Chandra, A., Kharbas, H., Osorio, A. and Turng, L. S., “Microcellular Injection Molding,” International Polymer Processing, 20, n2, pp. 202-214, 2005.

145. Chen Z. B. and Turng, L. S., “Current Developments of Injection Molding Process and Quality Control,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 24, n3, pp.165-182, 2005.

146. Yuan, M., Winardi, A., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Effects of Nano and Micro Fillers and Processing Parameters on Injection Molded Microcellular Composites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, n6, pp. 773-788, 2005.

147. Chandra, A., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., Gramann, P., and Cordes, H. “Microstructure and Crystallography in Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposite and Neat Resin,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, n1, pp. 52-61, 2005.

148. Osorio, A. and Turng, L. S., “Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Cell Growth in Injection Molding of Microcellular Plastics,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 44, n12, pp. 2274-2287, 2004.

149. Chandra, A., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., “Cell Development in Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposite and Neat Resin,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 40, n5, pp. 371-382, 2004.

150. Winardi, A., Yuan, M., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., “Core-Shell Rubber Modified Microcellular Polyamide-6 Composite,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 40, n5, pp. 383-396, 2004.

151. Yuan, M., Turng, L. S., Gong, S., Winardi, A., and Caulfield, D., “Crystallization Behavior of Polyamide-6 Microcellular Nanocomposite,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 40, n5, pp. 397-410, 2004.

152. Gopalakrishna, V., Bhaghavatula, A., and Turng, L. S., “A Web-based Knowledge Management System (KMS),” Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 2, n1, 2004 (http://www.iiisci.org/Journal/SCI/Abstract.asp?var=&id=P915105).

153. Turng, L. S. and Kharbas, H. “Development of a Hybrid Solid-Microcellular Co-Injection Molding Process,” International Polymer Processing, 19, n1, pp. 77-86, 2004.

154. Yuan, M., Turng, L. S., Caulfield, D., Hunt, C., and Spindler, R., “Study of Injection Molded Microcellular Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 44, n4, pp. 673-686, 2004.

155. Kim, S. and Turng, L. S., “Developments of Three-Dimensional Computer-aided Engineering (CAE) Simulation for Injection Molding,” Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 12, pp. S151-173, 2004.

156. Kharbas, H., Nelson, P., Yuan, M., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., and Spindler, R., “Effects of Nano-fillers and Process Conditions on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide Nanocomposites,” Polymer Composites, 24, n6, pp. 655-671, 2003.

157. Turng, L. S. and Kharbas, H., “Effect of Process Conditions on the Weld-line Strength and Microstructure of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 43, n1, pp. 157-168, 2003.

158. Turng, L. S. and Peic, M., “Computer-aided Process and Design Optimization for Injection Molding,” Journal of Engineering Manufacture, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B, 216, nB12, pp. 1523-1532, 2002.

159. Turng, L. S., Peic, M., and Bradley, D. K., “Process Simulation and Optimization for Injection Molding - Experimental Verifications and Field Applications,” Journal of Injection Molding Technology, 6, n2, pp. 143-155, 2002.

160. Turng, L. S., “Special and Emerging Injection Molding Processes,” Journal of Injection Molding Technology, 5, n3, pp. 160-179, 2001.

161. Nie, Y. Y., Turng, L. S., and Wang, K. K., “Structural Analysis for Gas-Assisted Injection-Molded Parts,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 16, n3, pp. 159-173, 1997.

162. Turng, L. S., “Development and Application of CAE Technology for the Gas-Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 14, n1, pp. 1-13, 1995.

163. Turng, L. S., “New Developments in CAE Technology for the Gas-Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Engineering Plastics, 8, pp. 171-185, 1995.

164. Himasekhar, K., Turng, L. S., Wang, V. W., Chiang, H. H., and Wang, K. K., “Current Trends in CAE: Simulations of Latest Innovations in Injection Molding,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 12, n3, pp. 233-241, 1993.

165. Turng, L. S. and Wang, V. W., “On the Simulation of Microelectronic Encapsulation with Epoxy Molding Compound,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 12, pp. 506-519, 1993.

166. Turng, L. S., Wang, V. W., and Wang, K. K., “Numerical Simulation of the Coinjection Molding Process,” Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 115, pp. 48-53, 1993.

167. Turng, L. S. and Wang, K. K., “Rheological Behaviour and Modelling of Semi-Solid Sn-15%Pb Alloy,” Journal of Materials Science, 26, pp. 2173-2183, 1991.

168. Turng, L. S. and Wang, K. K., “A Computer-Aided Cooling-Line Design System for Injection Molds,” Journal of Engineering for Industry, 112, pp. 161-167, 1990.

169. Turng, L. S. and Chiang, W., “New Developments of CAE Technology for Gas-Assisted Injection Molding,” CAD and Automation, 6, pp. 62-72, 1993 (in Chinese).

170. Li, D., Turng, L. S., and Wang, K. K., “Development and Application of Numerical Cooling Analysis System for Injection Molds,” Die and Mould Technology, 4, pp.1-7, 1988 (in Chinese).

Courses

Fall 2016-2017

  • ME 491 - Mechanical Engineering Projects I

  • ME 314 - Manufacturing Fundamentals
  • ME 699 - Advanced Independent Study
  • ME 790 - Master\'s Research and Thesis
  • ME 890 - PhD Research and Thesis
  • ME 990 - Dissertator Research and Thesis
  • ME 999 - Advanced Independent Study
  • ME 419 - Fundamentals of Injection Molding
  • ME 489 - Honors in Research
  • Secondary Contact

    4112
    Wisconsin Institute for Discovery
    330 N. Orchard Street
    Madison, WI 53706

    Alt Ph: (608) 316-4310
    Alt Email: turng@engr.wisc.edu

    Profile Summary

    Professor Turng is recognized for his research into the science and engineering of polymer injection molding. His research encompasses novel processes as well as new materials. He has been working in the area of microcellular injection molding, and has extended his research into nanocomposites, bio-based polymers, and tissue engineering scaffolds. Numerous grants and awards supporting his work have resulted, including the National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Award, several NSF Academic Program Awards, an Industrial Consortium, sponsored research programs, several Wisconsin Innovation & Economic Development Research Program awards, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) Accelerator Program awards, as well as grants from the Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He is the Co-Director of the Polymer Engineering Center and Engineering Polymer Industrial Consortium at UW-Madison, and NSF Industry/University Corporative Research Center (I/UCRC) that supports faculty research and outreach.

    Turng had been with C-MOLD, a company recognized for its advanced plastics CAE simulation packages, for 10 years before joining UW-Madison in the summer of 2000. At C-MOLD, Turng was the Principal Investigator for four Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I, Phase II projects, and research grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the New York State Science and Technology Foundation.

    At present, Professor Turng has served as the Chair and the Board of Directors of the Injection Molding Division of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE). In addition, he is on the Editorial Board for the Journal of Advances in Polymer Technology, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Journal of Cellular Plastics, and International Journal of Polymer Materials. Professor Turng was the invited panelist and speaker at the 2003 Wisconsin Economic Summit IV and plenary or keynote speaker at a number of other international conferences. He has served as the Chair of the Canadian NSERC Network for Innovative Plastic Materials and Manufacturing Processes (NIPMMP). He has published over 300 technical papers and has authored or edited a dozen books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and special issue journals.

    Professor Turng is a Fellow member of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is the recipient of the 2011 “Engineer of the Year Award” from the Society of Plastics Engineers Injection Molding Division and an Honored Service Member of the SPE in 2014.

    Professor Turng has recently been selected to join the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery (WID) at UW-Madison and lead an interdisciplinary team to develop innovative tissue engineering scaffolds that restore, maintain, or improve the function of diseased or damaged human tissues. He is also the University of Wisconsin–Madison Principal Investigator for the DOD Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute (DMDII) project, one of the President Obama’s National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) institutes.


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