Wendy C. Crone


543 Engineering Research Building
1500 Engineering Drive
Madison, WI 53706

Ph: (608) 262-8384

Primary Affiliation:
Engineering Physics

Additional Affiliations:
Biomedical Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering,


BS, University of Illinois

MS, Brown University

PhD, University of Minnesota


BS, University of Illinois

MS, Brown University

PhD, University of Minnesota

Research Interests

  • experimental mechanics of materials
  • characterization hydrogels and biomaterials
  • therapeutic medical devices
  • stem cell mechanics

Awards, Honors and Societies

Fellow, Society for Experimental Mechanics, 2015

M.M. Frocht Award, Society for Experimental Mechanics, 2013

Fellow, Academic Leadership Program, Committee on Institutional Cooperation, 2012-2013

Doris Slesinger Award for Excellence in Mentoring, University of Wisconsin – Madison, 2011

WEPAN Educator Award, Women in Engineering Programs and Advocates Network, 2011

Career Enhancement Award for Stem Cell Research, National Institutes of Health, 2011-2013

Hot Talk/Cool Paper Award, Materials Research Society, Fall 2007

Fellow of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Teaching Academy, 2006

National Science Foundation CAREER Award, 2002

ASEE Outstanding New Mechanics Educator Award, 2001


 ■ M.R. Salick, B.N. Napiwocki, J. Sha, G.T. Knight, S.A. Chindhy, T.J. Kamp, R.S. Ashton, W.C. Crone,  Micropattern Width Dependent Sarcomere Development in Human ESC-Derived Cardiomyocytes.”  Biomaterials, Biomaterials, 35(15), 4454-4464 (2014).
  ■ H.Y. Mi, X. Jing, M.R. Salick, W.C. Crone, X.F. Peng, L.S. Turng, \"Approach to Fabricating Thermoplastic Polyurethane Blends and Foams with Tunable Properties by Twin-Screw Extrusion and Microcellular Injection Molding,\" Advances in Polymer Technology, 33(1), (2014).
  ■ Mi, H.Y; Salick, M.R; Jing, X; Jacques, B.R; Crone, W. C; Peng, X.F; Turng, L.S, “Characterization of Thermoplastic Polyurethane/polylactic acid (TPU/PLA) Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated by Microcellular Injection Molding.” Materials Science and Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications,  33(I 8), 4767-4776 (2013). 
  ■ L.B. Hazeltine, Chelsey S. Simmons, Max Salick, Xiaojun Lian, Mehmet Badur, Wenqing Han, Stephanie M. Delgado, Tetsuro Wakatsuki, Wendy C. Crone, Beth Pruitt, Sean P. Palecek, “Effects of substrate mechanics on contractility of cardiomyocytes generated from human pluripotent stem cells,” International Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 2012, Article ID 508294, 13 pages (2012). doi:10.1155/2012/508294
  ■ H.H. Tuson, G.K. Auer, L.D. Renner, M. Hasebe, M. Salick, W.C. Crone, A. Gopinathan, K.C. Huang, D.B. Weibel, “Measuring the stiffness of bacterial cells from growth rates in hydrogels of tunable elasticity,” Mol. Microbiol, 84(5), 874–891 (2012).
  ■ B.O. Calcagno, K.R. Hart, J. Springmann, W.C. Crone, “Deformation and Fracture of Polymer/Metal Composites Subjected to Cold Rolling,” Composite Sciences and Technology. 72(12), 1344-1351 (2012).
 ■ F. Xu, C.E. Flanagan, W.C. Crone, K.S. Masters, “Polyurethane-Dermatan Sulfate Copolymers as Hemocompatible, Non-Biofouling Materials,” Macromolecular Bioscience, 11(2), 257-266 (2011).
 ■ M.d.C. Lopez-Garcia, D.J. Beebe, W.C. Crone, “Young’s Modulus of Collagen at Slow Displacement Rates,” Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering, 20, 361-369 (2010).
 ■ W.C. Crone, Survive and Thrive: A Guide for Untenured Faculty, Morgan & Claypool Publishers (2010).
 ■ B.O. Calcagno, R. Lakes, T. Osswald, W. Crone, \"Comparison of Viscoplastic Properties for Polycarbonate, Polypropylene, and High Density Polyethylene,\" Zeitschrift Kunststofftechnik / Journal of Plastics Technology, 2010/05, p, 228-254 (2010).
 ■ K.A. Duncan, A. Johnson, C. Johnson, K. McElhinny, S. Ng, K.D. Cadwell, D. Horoszewski, K. Gentry, G. Lisensky, W.C. Crone, G.M. Zenner, \"Art as an avenue to science literacy: teaching nanotechnology through stained glass,\" Journal of Chemical Engineering, 87(10), 1019-1038 (2010).
 ■ M.d.C. Lopez-Garcia, D.J. Beebe, W.C. Crone, \"Mechanical Interactions of Mouse Mammary Gland Cells with Collagen in a Three-Dimensional Construct,\" Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 38 (8): 2485-2498 (2010).
 ■ F. Xu, K. Hart, C.E. Flanagan, J.C. Nacker, R. Moftakhar, B. Aagaard-Kienitz, D. Consigny, J. Grinde, W.C. Crone, K.S. Masters, \"A Hybrid Coil/Polymer Device for Occlusion of Cerebral Aneurysms,\" Journal of Medical Devices, 3:045001, 1-7 (2009).
 ■ A. Creuziger, W.C. Crone, \"Grain Boundary Fracture in CuAlNi Shape Memory Alloys,\" Materials Science and Engineering A, 498, 404-411 (2008).
 ■ A. Creuziger, L.J. Bartol, K. Gall, W.C. Crone, \"Crack Propagation from a Notch in Single Crystal NiTi,\" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 56, 2896-2905 (2008).
 ■ A. Creuziger, W.C. Crone, \"Observation and Prediction of Out of Plane Deformation in CuAlNi,\" Scripta Materialia, 59(1), 95-98 (2008).
 ■ A. Creuziger, W.C. Crone, \"Initial Transformation Around a Notch Tip in CuAlNi: Experiment and Modeling,\" Acta Materialia, 56(3), 518-526 (2008).
 ■ F. Xu, J.C. Nacker, W.C. Crone, K.S. Masters, \"The haemocompatibility of polyurethane-hyaluronic acid copolymers,\" Biomaterials, 29(2), 150-160 (2008).
 ■ W. Crone, \"A Brief Introduction to MEMS and NEMS,\" in Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics, W.N. Sharpe, Editor, Springer Science+Business Media, New York, p. 203-228 (2008).
 ■ G. Lisensky, K. Lux, and W.C. Crone \"A Web-based Video Lab Manual for Nanoscale Science and Technology,\" in Nanoscale Science and Engineering Education: Issues, Trends and Future Directions, Aldrin E. Sweeney and Sudipta Seal, Editors, American Scientific Publishers (2008).
 ■ G. Zenner and W.C. Crone \"Introducing Nanotechnology and Society Issues into the Classroom,\" in Nanoscale Science and Engineering Education: Issues, Trends and Future Directions, Aldrin E. Sweeney and Sudipta Seal, Editors, American Scientific Publishers (2008).
 ■ M. Lopez-Garcia, D. Beebe and W.C. Crone, \"Characterization of Poly (Isobornyl Acrylate) as a Construction Material for Microfluidic Applications,\" Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 105, 1894-1902 (2007).
 ■ W. C. Crone, H. Brock, A. Creuziger, \"Nanoindentation and Microindentation of CuAlNi Shape Memory Alloy,\" Experimental Mechanics, 47, 133-142 (2007). Invited paper for special issue on nanomechanics.
 ■ O.M. Castellini, G.K. Walejko, C.E. Holladay, T.J. Theim, G.M. Zenner, W.C. Crone, \"Nanotechnology and the Public: Effectively Communicating Nanoscale Science and Engineering Concepts,\" Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2007, 9(2): 183-189 (2007).
 ■ W.C. Crone, \"Bringing Nano to the Public: A Collaboration Opportunity for Researchers and Museums,\" Susan E. Koch, Editor, Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network, Science Museum of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (2006).
 ■ G.C. Lisensky, D. Horoszewski, K.L. Gentry, G.M. Zenner, W.C. Crone, \"Fats, Oils, and Colors of a Nanoscale Material,\" The Science Teacher, December 2006, 30-35 (2006).
 ■ O.M. Castellini, G.C. Lisensky, J. Walz, G.M. Zenner, W.C. Crone, \"Carbon in All Its Varied Forms,\" The Science Teacher, December, 37-41 (2006).
 ■ M.A. Hemling, L.M. Samuel, G.M. Zenner, A.C. Payne, W.C. Crone, \"Nanomedicine: Problem Solving to Treat Cancer,\" Science Scope, November, 32-37 (2006).
 ■ C. Tahan, C.Y. Leung, K. Ellison, G.M. Zenner, W.C. Crone, C.A. Miller \"Nanotechnology and Society: A discussion-based undergraduate course,\" American Journal of Physics, 74, 443-448 (2006).
 ■ O.M. Castellini, C.E. Holladay, G.K. Walejko, T.J. Theim, G.M. Zenner, P. Krajniak, W.C. Crone, \"Museum Exhibits: Bringing Informal Education into the Classroom,\" Journal of Materials Education, 28(1-2), 27-34 (2006).
 ■ C.J. Crnich, J.A. Halfmann , W.C. Crone, D.G. Maki, \"The Effects of Prolonged Ethanol Exposure on the Mechanical Properties of Polyurethane and Silicone Catheters Used for Intravascular Access,\" Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 26(8), 708-715 (2005).
 ■ A. K. Bentley, A. B. Ellis, G. C. Lisensky, W. C. Crone, \"Suspensions of Nickel Nanowires as Magneto-Optical Switches,\" Nanotechnology 16(10), 2193-2196 (2005).
 ■ L. Tan, G. Shaw, K. Sriharan and W.C. Crone, \"Effect of Oxygen Implantation on Wear Behavior of NiTi Shape Memory Alloy,\" Mechanics of Materials 37, 1059-1068 (2005).
 ■ G.A. Shaw, J.S. Trethewey, A.D. Johnson, W.J. Drugan, W.C. Crone, \"Thermomechanical High-Density Data Storage in a Metallic Material via the Shape-Memory Effect,\" Advanced Materials, 17, 1123-1127 (2005).
 ■ A.K. Bentley, M. Farhoud, A.B. Ellis, G.C. Lisensky, A-M.L. Nickel, W.C. Crone \"Template Synthesis and Magnetic Manipulation of Nickel Nanowires,\" Journal of Chemical Education, May 2005, p. 765-769. Cover feature.
 ■ A.C. Payne, W.A. deProphetis, G.M. Zenner, T.G. Derenne, A.B. Ellis, W.C. Crone, \"Communicating Science to the Public through a University-Museum Partnership,\" Journal of Chemical Education, May, p. 743-750 (2005).
 ■ L. Tan and W.C. Crone, \"Effects of Methane Plasma Ion Implantation on Microstructure and Wear Resistance of NiTi Shape Memory Alloys,\" Thin Solid Films, 472, 282-290 (2004).
 ■ N.A. Smith, G. Antoun, A.B. Ellis, W.C. Crone, \"Improved adhesion between a NiTi SMA wire and a polymer matrix via silane coupling agents, Composites A, Vol 35(11) 1307-1312 (2004).
 ■ W.C. Crone, D. Wu, J.H. Perepezko, \"Pseudoelastic Behavior of Nickel-Titanium Melt-Spun Ribbon,\" Materials Science and Engineering A - Structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing, Vol 375-377C, 1177-1181 (2004).
 ■ N.A. Smith, N. Sekido, J.H. Perepezko, A.B. Ellis, W.C. Crone, \"Synthesis of Dual Phase Bronze Alloys from Elemental Nanoparticle Constituents,\" Scripta Materialia, 51(5), 423-426 (2004).
 ■ B.D. Johnson, D.J. Beebe, and W.C. Crone, \"Effects of Swelling on the Mechanical Properties of a pH Sensitive Hydrogel,\" Materials Science and Engineering: C 24, 575-581 (2004).
 ■ B.D. Johnson, J.M. Bauer, D.J. Niedermaier, W.C. Crone, and D.J. Beebe, \"Experimental Techniques for Mechanical Characterization of Hydrogels at the Microscale,\" Experimental Mechanics, 44(1) 21-28 (2004).
 ■ A.K. Bentley, J.S. Trethewey, A.B. Ellis, W.C. Crone, \"Magnetic Manipulation of Copper-Tin Nanowires Capped with Nickel Ends,\" Nano Letters, 4(3) 487-490 (2004).
 ■ L. Tan and W.C. Crone, \"In situ TEM observation of two-stage martensitic transformation in aged NiTi shape memory alloy,\" Scripta Materialia, 50(6), pp.819-823 (2004).
 ■ W. C. Crone, T. W. Shield, A. Creuziger, B. Henneman, \"Orientation Dependence of the Plastic Slip Near Notches in Ductile Single Crystals,\" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 52(1) pp. 85-112 (2004).
 ■ G.A. Shaw, D. S. Stone, A.D. Johnson, A.B. Ellis, and W. C. Crone, \"The shape memory effect in nanoindentation of nickel-titanium thin films\" Applied Physics Letters, 83(2), (2003).
 ■ L. Tan, W.C. Crone, and R.A. Dodd, \"Corrosion Behavior of NiTi Modified by Plasma Source Ion Implantation with Oxygen,\" Biomaterials, 24(22), 3931-3939 (2003).
 ■ W. C. Crone and T. W. Shield, \"An Experimental Study of the Effect of Hardening on Plastic Deformation in Metallic Single Crystals,\" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 51 (8), 1623-1647 (2003).
 ■ G.J. Martinez-Diaz, D. Nelson, W.C. Crone, and W.J. Kao, \"Mechanical and Chemical Analysis of Degradation in Gelatin-Based Hydrogel,\" Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 204 (15), p.1898-1908 (2003).
 ■ C. Khoury, T. Adalsteinsson, B.D. Johnson, W.C. Crone, D.J. Beebe, \"Tunable Microfabricated Hydrogels - A Study in Protein Interaction and Diffusion,\" Biomedical Microdevices, 5:1, 35-45 (2003).
 ■ S.K. De, N.R. Aluru, B. Johnson, W. C. Crone, D.J. Beebe, and J. Moore, \"Equilibrium Swelling and Kinetics of pH-Responsive Hydrogels: Models, Experiments, and Simulations,\" Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 11 (5), 544 -555 (2002).
 ■ L. Tan and W.C. Crone, \"Surface Characterization of NiTi Modified by Plasma Source Ion Implantation,\" Acta Materialia,50(18), 4449-4460 (2002).
 ■ L. Tan, W.C. Crone, and K. Sridharan, \"Fretting Wear Study of Surface Modified NiTi Shape Memory Alloy,\" Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 13, 501-508 (2002).
 ■ W.C. Crone, A.N. Yahya, and J.H. Perepezko, \"Bulk Shape Memory NiTi with Refined Grain Size Synthesized by Mechanical Alloying,\" Materials Science Forum, vols. 386-388, pp. 597-602 (2002).
 ■ W.C. Crone and T. W. Shield, \"Experimental Study of the Deformation Near a Notch Tip in Copper and Copper Beryllium Single Crystals,\" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 49 (12), 2819-2838 (2001).
 ■ L. Tan, W.C. Crone, and K. Sridharan, \"Fretting Wear Study of Surface Modified NiTi Shape Memory Alloy,\" accepted for publication in the Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine (2001).
 ■ W.C. Crone and W.J. Drugan \"Comparison of Experiment and Theory for Crack Tip Fields in Ductile Single Crystals,\" Proceedings of the International Congress of Fracture, ICF 10, Honolulu, HI, (2001).
 ■ W. C. Crone and K. Sridharan, \"Plasma Source Ion Implanted Nickel Titanium for Biomedical Applications,\" Proceedings of the International Conference on Shape Memory and Superelastic Technologies, Pacific Grove, CA (2000).
 ■ W.C. Crone, \"Compositional Variation and Precipitate Structures of Copper Beryllium Single Crystals Grown by the Bridgman Technique,\" Journal of Crystal Growth, 218, 381-389 (2000).
 ■ W.C. Crone, P.H. Leo, and T.W. Shield, \"Comparisons Between Load Controlled and Displacement Controlled Extensions of NiTi Wires,\" Scripta Materialia, 38(12), 1825-1828 (1998).
 ■ T.W. Shield, P.H. Leo, and W.C.C. [Crone] Grebner, \"Quasi-Static Extension of Shape Memory Wire Under Constant Load,\" Acta Materialia, 45(1), 67-74 (1997).
 ■ J.W. Phillips, D. deCamara, M.D. Lockwood, and W.C.C. [Crone] Grebner, \"Strength of Silicone Breast Implants,\" Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 97 (6), 1215-1224 (1996).

Current and Former Students

Professor Crone\'s Research Group see http://crone.ep.wisc.edu/Students.html

Professional Highlights

  • Professor in the Dept. of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2009-present; Associate Professor, 2004-2009; Assistant Professor, 1998-2004
  • Interim Dean, Graduate School, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2014-2015
  • Associate Dean of Graduate Education, Graduate School, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2012-2014
  • Interim Associate Dean of Physical Sciences, Graduate School, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2011-2012
  • Executive Board and National Meetings Council, Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM), 2010-2012
  • Faculty Affiliate in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and the Materials Science Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Director, Women Faculty Mentoring Program, 2007-present
  • Director of the Interdisciplinary Education Group of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) on Nanostructured Materials and Interfaces, 2002 - 2007
  • Vice-Chair, MEMS and Nanotechnology Technical Division, Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM), 2001 - 2006
  • Faculty Co-Director, Women in Science and Engineering Residential Program, 1999 - 2001


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