Kumar Sridharan

Distinguished Research Professor, Fellow of American Society for Materials

Room: 835
1500 Engineering Research Building
1500 Engineering Drive
Madison, WI 53706

Ph: (608) 263-4789
kumar@engr.wisc.edu

Primary Affiliation:
Engineering Physics

Additional Affiliations:
Materials Science and Engineering,


Education

Research Interests

 

  • Nuclear reactor materials research and development
  • Irradiation effects in materials
  • Corrosion of materials
  • High temperature materials
  • Physical metallurgy and mechanical behavior of materials
  • Ion implantation and plasma-assisted thin film deposition of materials
  • Surface modifications and coatings including nanoscale processes and materials
  • Emerging and commercial surface engineering technologies
  • Wear and nanotribology of materials
  • Processing-structure-properties-performance relationships in materials
  • Conventional and advanced materials characterization and analysis techniques
  • Materials applications, challenges, and solutions for a broad spectrum of industrial applications
  • Failure analysis

Publications

Book Chapters:

  • \"Non-Semiconductor Applications of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation and Deposition\"; K. Sridharan, S. Anders, M. Nastasi, K.C. Walter, A. Anders, O.R. Monteiro, and W. Ensinger, \"Handbook of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation and Deposition\", publisher John Wiley and Sons, New York, September 2000, pp. 553-636.
  • \"Materials Characterization and Testing Methods - A Brief Survey\"; K.C. Walter, K. Sridharan, and M. Nastasi, \"Handbook of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation and Deposition\", publisher John Wiley and Sons, New York, September, 2000, pp. 303-339.
  • \"Plasma Implantation\"; J.H. Booske, R.J. Matyi, J.R. Conrad, and K. Sridharan, Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, publisher Wiley Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, July 2007, on-line, 9 pages.
  • \"Diamond-like Carbon Coatings for Tribological Applications\"; K. Sridharan and V. Sundaram, \"Plasma Surface Engineering and its Practical Applications\", publisher Research Sign Post, Trivandrum, India, 2008.
  • “Materials Performance in Supercritical Water”, T.R. Allen, Y. Chen, X. Ren, K. Sridharan, L. Tan, G. S. Was, E. West, and D. Guzonas, Comprehensive Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, UK,  2012, pp. 279-326. 
  • \"Corrosion in Molten Salts\"; K. Sridharan and T.R. Allen, \"Molten Salts: Fundamentals and Applications\", publisher Elsevier, UK 2013 (to be published).

 

Journal Articles:

  • \"A Technique for Determination of Microhardness Profiles Across Thin Surface Diffusion Layers\"; K. Sridharan, A.M. Redsten, F.J. Worzala, R.A. Dodd, and J.R. Conrad, Thin Solid Films, 175, 1989, p. 153.
  • \"Elevated Temperature Nitrogen Ion Implantation of Incoloy Alloys 908 and 909 using PSII Process\"; K. Sridharan, J.R. Conrad, F.J. Worzala, and R.A. Dodd, Materials Science and Engineering, A128, 1990, p. 259.
  • \"Ion Beam Enhanced Deposition of Titanium Nitride on Inconel 718\"; K. Sridharan, K.C. Walter, and J.R. Conrad, Materials Research Bulletin, 26, 5, 1991, p. 367.
  • \"Surface Modification of Ti-6Al-4V Surgical Alloy by Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; A. Chen, K. Sridharan, J.R. Conrad, and R.P. Fetherston, Surface and Coatings Technology, 50, 1991, p. 1.
  • \"Martensitic Transformation and Invar Effect in Fe-Ni-Co Alloys\"; K. Sridharan, F.J. Worzala, and R.A. Dodd, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 30, 2, 1992, p. 115.
  • \"Carbon Ion Implantation of Pure Iron\"; K. Sridharan, J.R. Conrad, R.A. Dodd, and F.J. Worzala, Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia, 26, 1992, p. 1037.
  • \"Nitrogen Plasma Source Ion Implantation of AISI S1 Tool Steel\"; A.M. Redsten, K. Sridharan, F.J. Worzala, and J.R. Conrad, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 30, 1992, p. 253.
  • \"Heat Treatment and Microstructure of a Fe-Ni-Co Invar Alloy Strengthened by Intermetallic Precipitation\"; K. Sridharan, F.J. Worzala, and R.A. Dodd, Materials Characterization, 29 (3), 1992, p. 321.
  • \"Use of Nitrogen Implanted Chromium Overcoat for Improving the Durability of Thin-Film Magnetic Media\", Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, D.E. Muller, K.C. Walter, K. Sridharan, J.R. Conrad, and S. Aggarwal, 1 (4), 1992, p. 489.
  • \"A Machine for Fretting Wear Testing of Plasma Surface Modified Materials\"; P. W. Sandstrom, K. Sridharan, and J. R. Conrad, Wear, 166, 1993, p. 163.
  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implantation: An Environmentally Acceptable Alternative to Wet Chemical Plating\"; J.R. Conrad, K. Sridharan, M.M.Shamim et al, International Journal of Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing, 2 (1), 1993, p.61.
  • \"Sheath Dynamics and Dose Analysis in Planar Targets in Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; S.M. Malik, R.P. Fetherston, K. Sridharan, and J.R. Conrad, Plasma Sources - Science and Technology, 2 (2) 1993, p. 81.
  • \"Microstructure Control in Alloy Steel Powders\"; K. Sridharan and J.H. Perepezko, International Journal of Powder Metallurgy, 30 (3), 1994, p. 301.
  • \"Sputter Deposition of Tantalum-Nitride Films on Copper using an RF-Plasma\"; K.C. Walter, R.P. Fetherston, K. Sridharan, A. Chen, M. Shamim, and J.R. Conrad, Materials Research Bulletin, 29 (8), 1994, p. 827.
  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implantation\\\"; R. Reeber and K. Sridharan, Advanced Materials and Processes, 12/1994, p.21.
  • \"A Fretting Wear Study of Nitrogen Implanted Titanium Alloy\"; N. Horswill, K. Sridharan, and J.R. Conrad, Journal of Materials Science Letters, 14, 1995, p.1349.
  • \"Distribution of Incident Ions and Retained Dose Analysis for a Wedge-Shaped Target in Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; S.M. Malik, D.E. Mueller, K. Sridharan, R.P. Fetherston, N. Tran, and J.R. Conrad, Journal of Applied Physics, 77 (3), 1995, p.1015.
  • \"Chromium Plating Pollution Source Reduction by Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; A. Chen, X. Qiu, K. Sridharan et al, Surface and Coatings Technology, 82, 1996, p. 305.
  • \"An Evaluation of Metallic Coatings for Erosive Wear Resistance in Die Casting Applications\"; R. Shivpuri, Y. Chu, K. Venkateshan, J.R. Conrad, K. Sridharan, M. Shamim, and R.P. Fetherston, Wear, 192, 1996, p. 49.
  • \"Advances in PSII Techniques for Surface Modification\"; K.C. Walter, M. Nastasi, N.P. Baker, C.P. Munson, W.K. Scarborough, J.T. Scheuer, B.P. Wood, J.R. Conrad, K. Sridharan, S. Malik, R.A. Breun, Surface and Coatings Technology, 103/104, p. 205, 1998.
  • \"Surface Modification on 304 SS by Plasma-Immersed Ion Implantation to improve the Adherence of a CVD Diamond Film\", M.C.A. Nono, E.J. Corat, M. Ueda, C. Stellati, J.J. Barroso, J.R. Conrad, M. Shamim, P. Fetherston, and K. Sridharan, Surface and Coatings Technology, 112, 1-3, p. 295, 1999.
  • \"Evaluation of Four Commercially Produced Surface Treatments\"; J.R. Diebel, K. Sridharan, and S.J. Bull, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 10(3), 2001, p. 263.
  • \"Wear-Corrosion Comparisons of Passivating vs Nonpassivating Alloys in Aerated 3.5% Aqueous Solution of NaCl\": N. Latona, P. Fetherston, A. Chen, K. Sridharan, & R.A. Dodd, Corrosion, 57/10, 2001, p. 884.
  • \"Fretting Wear Study of Surface Modified NiTi Shape Memory Alloy\"; L. Tan, W.C. Crone and K. Sridharan, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 13, 2002, p. 501.
  • \"Application of Hydrocarbon Plasmas for Modifying Near-Surface Characteristics of Bearing Steel\"; K. Sridharan, E.H. Wilson, D.F. Lawrence, and J.R. Jacobs, Applied Surface Science, 222, 2004, p. 208.
  • \"Atomic Scale Friction and its Connections to Fracture Mechanics\"; R.W. Carpick, E.E. Flater, K. Sridharan, D.F. Ogletree, and M. Salmeron, Journal of Materials, October 2004, p. 48.
  • \"The Effect of Surface Chemistry and Structure on Nano-Scale Adhesion and Friction\"; R.W. Carpick, E.E. Flater, and K. Sridharan, Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering, 90, 2004, p. 197.
  • \"Effects of Oxygen Ion Implantation on Wear Behavior of NiTi Shape Memory Alloy\"; L. Tan, G. Shaw, K. Sridharan, and W.C. Crone, Mechanics of Materials, vol. 37/10, 2005, p. 1059.
  • \"The Effect of Grain Boundary Engineering on the Oxidation Behavior of INCOLOY alloy 800H in Supercritical Water\"; L. Tan, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 348, 2006, p. 263.
  • \"Wear Resistance of a Functionally-Graded Aluminum Matrix Composite\"; Z.H. Melgarejo, O.M. Suarez, and K. Sridharan, Scripta Materialia, vol. 55, 1, 2006, p. 95.
  • \"Corrosion Behavior of Ferritic?-Martensitic Steel T91 in Supercritical Water\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion Science, vol. 48, 9, 2006, p. 2843.
  • \"Microstructural Examination of Oxide Layers formed on an Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Ferritic Steel Exposed to Supercritical Water\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, and S. Ukai, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 359, 2006, p 50.
  • \"Corrosion of Ferritic-Martensitic Steel HT9 in Supercritical Water\"; X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 358, 2/3, 2006, p. 227.
  • \"Oxidation of Plasma Surface Modified Zirconium Alloy in Pressurised High Temperature Water\"; K. Sridharan, S.P. Harrington, A.K. Johnson, J.R. Licht, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Materials and Design, vol. 28, 4, 2007, p. 1177.
  • \"The Role of Grain Boundary Engineering in the SCC behavior of F-M alloy HT-9 in Supercritical Water\"; G. Gupta, P. Ampornrat, X. Ren, K. Sridharan, T. R. Allen, and G. S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 361, 2007, p. 160.
  • \"Small Amplitude Reciprocating Wear Performance of Diamond-Like Carbon Films: Dependence of Film Composition and Counterface Material\"; J.A. Bares, A.V. Sumant, D.S. Grierson, R.W. Carpick, and K. Sridharan, Tribology Letters, vol. 27, 1, 2007, p. 79.
  • \"Corrosion Behavior of Alloys 625 and 718 in Supercritical Water\"; X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion, vol. 63, 7, 2007, p. 603.
  • \"Corrosion behavior of Ferritic-Martensitic steel HCM12A Exposed to Harsh Environments\"; L. Tan, M.T. Machut, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 371, 2007, p. 161.
  • \"Effect of Thermomechanical Processing on Grain Boundary Character Distribution of a Ni-based Superalloy\"; L. Tan, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 371, 2007, p. 171.
  • \"Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking in Supercritical Water\"; G.S. Was, P. Ampornrat, G. Gupta, S. Teysseyre, E.A. West, T.R. Allen, K. Sridharan, L. Tan, Y. Chen, X. Ren, and C. Pister, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 371, 2007, p. 176.
  • \"Oxidation of 9Cr Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Exposed in Supercritical Water\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, S. Ukai, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 371, 2007, p. 118.
  • \"Time Dependence of Corrosion in Steels for use in Lead-Alloy Cooled Reactors\"; M.T. Machut, K. Sridharan, N. Li, S. Ukai, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 371, 2007, p. 134.
  • \"Microstructure Tailoring for Property Improvements by Grain Boundary Engineering\"; L. Tan, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, R. Nanstad, and D. McClintock, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 374, 2008, p. 270.
  • \"Materials Challenges for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems\"; T.R. Allen, K. Sridharan, L. Tan, W.E. Windes, J.I. Cole, D.C. Crawford, and G.S. Was, Nuclear Technology, vol. 162, 3, 2008, p. 342.
  • \"Biocompatibility of Uncoated and Diamond-like Carbon Coated Ti-20%Hf Alloy\"; S.D. Kuhn, K. Sridharan, Z.Hao, P.Muir, M.Suresh, A.Singh, and S.V. Raj, Materials Science and Technology, vol. 24, 5, 2008, p. 575.
  • \"Microstructure and Properties of Functionally Graded Al-Mg-B Composites Fabricated by Centrifugal Casting\"; Z.H. Melgarejo, O.M. Suarez, and K. Sridharan, Composites A, vol. 39, 2008, p. 1150.
  • \"Altering Corrosion Response via Grain Boundary Engineering\"; L. Tan, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Materials Science Forum, vol. 595-598, 2008, p. 409.
  • \"Effect of Shot Peening on the Oxidation of Alloy 800H Exposed to Supercritical Water and Cyclic Oxidation\"; L. Tan, X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion Science, vol. 50, 2008, p. 2040.
  • \"Corrosion Behavior of Ni-Based Alloys for Advanced High Temperature Water-Cooled Nuclear Plants\"; L. Tan, X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion Science, vol. 50, 2008, p. 3056.
  • \"Materials Corrosion in Molten Salt LiF-NaF-KF Salt\"; L.C. OLson, J.W. Ambrosek, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, vol. 130, 2009, p. 6773.
  • \"Current Status of Knowledge of the Fluoride Salt (FLiNaK) Heat Transfer\"; J.W. Ambrosek, M.H. Anderson, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Nuclear Technology, 165, 2, 2009, p. 166.
  • \"Evolution of Carbide Precipitates in 2.25Cr-1Mo Steel during Long-Term Service in a Power Plant\", Y. Yong, Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen , Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science A, 41A(6), 2010, p.1441.
  • \"Intergranular Corrosion of High Temperature Alloys in Molten Fluoride Salts\", L.C. Olson, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen , Materials at High Temperatures, vol. 27, 2, 2010, p.145.
  • \"Corrosion of Alumina-forming Austenitic steel Fe-20Ni-14Cr-3Al-0.6Nb-0.1Ti in Supercritical Water\"; S.Nie, Y. Chen, X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials,399, 2010, p.231.
  • \"Ultra-Low Nanoscale Wear through Atom-by-Atom Attrition in Silicon-Containing Diamond-Like Carbon\", H. Bhaskaran, B. Gottsmann, A. Sebastien, U. Drechsler, M.A. Lantz, M. Despont, P. Jaroenapibal, R. Carpick, Y. Chen, and K. Sridharan, Nature Nanotechnology,vol.5, March 2010, p. 181.
  • \"Incorporation of Gadolinium and Boron into Zirconium alloy: Surface Alloying of Immiscible Materials using an Intense Pulsed Ion Beam\", T.J. Renk, K. Sridharan, S.P. Harrington, A.K. Johnson, and E.J. Lahoda, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, B268, 2010, p. 2266.
  • \"Molten Salts for Nuclear Cogeneration\", L.C. Olson, J.W. Ambrosek, G. Cao, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Ceramic Transactions,vol. 222, 2010, p.145.
  • \"Effect of Grain Refinement on Corrosion of Ferritic-Martensitic Steels in Supercritical Water Environment\"; X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Materials and Corrosion-Werkstoffe und Korrosion, vol. 61, 9, 2010, p.748.
  • \"Nickel-Plating for Active Metal Dissolution Resistance in Molten Fluoride Salts\"; L.C. Olson, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T. R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 411, 1-3, 2011, p.51.
  • \"High Temperature Electrochemistry of Molten Fluoride Salt for Measurement of Dissolved Chromium\"; D. Ludwig, L.C. Olson, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology, 46, 4, 2011, p. 360.
  • \"Radiation Resistance of Nanocrystalline Silicon Carbide\"; L.M. Jamison, P. Xu, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II: Ceramics Transactions, vol. 227, 2011, p. 161.
  • \"Microstructural Analysis of Nuclear Graphites IG-110 and NBG-18 for Estimating Graphite Sorptivity in TRISO fuel particles for VHTR\"; G. Zheng, P. Xu, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II: Ceramics Transactions, vol. 227, 2011, p. 251.
  • \"A Facility for in-situ Measurements of High Temperature Spectral Emissivity of Materials for Very High Temperature Reactor Applications\"; G. Cao, S. J. Weber, S. O. Martin, T. L. Malaney, S. R. Slattery, M. H. Anderson, K. Sridharan and T. R. Allen, Nuclear Technology, vol. 175, No. 2, 2011, p. 460.
  • \"Design, Fabrication and Testing of Ceramic Plate Type Heat Exchangers with Integrated Flow Channel Design\", J. Schmidt, M. Scheiffele, M. Crippa, P. F. Peterson, E. Urquiza, K. Sridharan, Y. Chen, L.C. Olson, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, International Journal of Applied Ceramics Technology, vol. 8, 5, 2011, p. 1073.
  • “Spectral Emissivity Measurements of Candidate Materials for Very High Temperature Reactors”, G. Cao, S.J. Weber, S.O. Martin, M.H. Anderson, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 251, 2012, p. 78.
  • “Oxidation Behavior of Grain Boundary Engineered Alloy 690 in Supercritical Water Environment”, P. Xu, L. Y. Liang, K. Sridharan, and T. R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 422, 1, 2012, p. 143.
  • “Development of Diffusion Barrier Coatings for Mitigation of Fuel-Cladding Chemical Interactions”, V. Firouzdor, L. Wilson, K. Sridharan, B. Semerau, B. J. Hauch, J. Brechtl, and T.R. Allen, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 507, 2012, p.3.
  • “Corrosion of Alloys in High Temperature Supercritical Carbon-Dioxide”, G. Cao, V. Firouzdor, K. Sridharan, M. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion Science, 60, 2012, p. 246.
  • “Wear-Resistant Nanoscale Silicon Carbide Tips for Scanning Probe Applications”, M.A. Lantz, B. Gotsmann, P. Jaroenapibal, T.D. Jacobs, S.D. O’Connor, K Sridharan, and R.W. Carpick, Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 22(8), 2012, p. 1639.
  • Corrosion of Stainless Steel and Nickel-based Alloys in High Temperature Supercritical Carbon-Dioxide Environment, V. Firouzdor, K. Sridharan, G. Cao. M. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Corrosion Science, v 69, 2013, p. 281.
  • Thermomechanical Treatment for Improved Neutron Irradiation Resistance of Austenitic Alloy (Fe-21Cr-32Ni)”, L. Tan, J.T. Busby, H.J.M. Chichester, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 437, 1-3, 2013, p. 7.
  • “Development Protective Titanium Coating using Electrophoretic Deposition Method for Mitigation of Fuel-Cladding Chemical Interactions”, V. Firouzdor, J. Brechtl, L. Wilson, B. Semerau, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Surface and Coating Technology, 219, 25, 2013, p. 59.
  • “A Study of Nanoparticle Surface Modification Effects on Pool Boiling Critical Heat Flux”, G. Stange, H.Yeom, B. Semerau, K.Sridharan, and M.Corradini, Nuclear Technology, 182, 3, 2013, p.286.
  • “Zirconium Effect on the Corrosion Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel Alloy and Hastelloy-N Superalloy in Molten Fluoride Salt”, W.J. Cheng, R.S. Sellers, M. H. Anderson, K. Sridharan, C.J. Wang, and T.R. Allen, Nuclear Technology, 183, 2013, p. 248.
  • “Electrophoretic Deposition of Diffusion Barrier Titanium Oxide Coatings for Nuclear Reactor Cladding Applications”, V. Firouzdor, J. Brechtl, B. Hauch, K. Sridharan; and T.R  Allen, Applied Surface Science, 282, 1, 2013, p. 798.
  • “Development of Diffusion Barrier coating using Electrophoretic Deposition of Yitria-stablized Zirconia (YSZ) for  Mitigation of Fuel-Cladding Chemical Interactions”,  V. Firouzdor, J. Brechtl, L. Wilson, B. Semerau, K. Sridharan  and T.R. Allen, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438, 1, 2013, p. 268.
  • “Electrochemical Properties of Rare Earth Chlorides in Molten LiCl-KCl for Nuclear Waste Separation”, S.O. Martin, J.C. Sager, K. Sridharan, M. Mohammadian, and T.R. Allen, Ceramics Transactions, accepted (in press).
  • “Corrosion of Nickel-based Superalloys in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide”, V.Firouzdor, G. Cao, K. Sridharan, M. Anderson, T. R. Allen, Corrosion Science, accepted (in press).
  • “Monitoring the Oxidation of Nuclear Fuel Cladding Using Raman Spectroscopy”, H. Mi, S. Mikael, T.R. Allen, Kumar Sridharan, Darryl Butt, J. Blanchard, Z. Ma, Journal of Nuclear Materials, accepted (in press).

 

Reviewed Conference Proceedings:

  • \"A Precipitation Hardened, Low Thermal Expansion Fe-Ni-Co-Al-Ti Alloy\"; K. Sridharan, F.J. Worzala, and R.A. Dodd, proc. conf. ASM Europe Technical Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing Techniques for Structural Applications,  Paris, France, September 1987, eds. T. Khan and A. Lasalmonie, p. 501.
  • \"Microstructure and Properties of Unirradiated and Irradiated High-Strength Invar Alloys\"; K. Sridharan, R.D. Griffin, R.A. Dodd, and F.J. Worzala, proc. conf. TMS-AIME on Physical Metallurgy of Controlled Expansion Invar-Type Alloys, Las Vegas, NV, February 1989, eds. K.C. Russell and D.F. Smith, p. 171.
  • \"Application of Coatings for EM Gun Technology\"; M.A. Otooni, A. Graf, G. Colombo, J.R. Conrad, K. Sridharan, M.M. Shamim, and R.P. Fetherston, proc. Materials Research Society Symposium, Boston, MA, 1993, 316, p.577.
  • \"First Results from the Los Alamos Plasma Source Ion Implantation Experiment\"; D.J. Rej, J.R. Conrad, R.J. Faehl, R.J. Gribble, I. Henins, N. Horswill, P. Kodali, M. Nastasi, W.A. Reass, M. Shamim, K. Sridharan, J.R. Tesmer, K. C. Walter, and B.P. Wood, proc. Materials Research Society Symposium, Boston, MA, 1994, 316, p. 593.
  • \"Comprehensive Modeling of Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; M. Kissick, J.P. Blanchard, J.D. Callen, J.R. Conrad, S. Malik, and K. Sridharan, proc. 27th International SAMPE Technical Conference, Albuquerque, NM, 10/1995, p. 11.
  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implantation - Science and Technology\"; K. Sridharan, J.R. Conrad, F.J. Worzala, A. Chen, M.M. Shamim, R.P. Fetherston, J.P. Blanchard, R.J. Matyi, D.L. Chapek, and R.A. Dodd, proc. TMS - 9th International Conference on Surface Modification Technologies, Cleveland, OH, 10/1995, p. 401.
  • \"Plasma-Based Surface Treatments as Environmentally Clean Alternatives to Electroplating Processes\"; K. Sridharan, et al, proc. NSF Design and Manufacturing Grantees Conference, Seattle, WA, 1998, p. 481.
  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implanted Nickel-Titanium for Biomedical Applications\"; W. C. Crone and K. Sridharan, proc. International Conf. on Shape Memory & Superelastic Technologies, Pacific Grove, CA, 2000, p. 319.
  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implantation Technology for Engineering Surfaces of Materials\"; E.H. Wilson, D.F. Lawrence, K. Sridharan, and P.W. Sandstrom, proc. 16th Intl. Conf. on the Applications of Accelerators in Research and Industry, Denton, TX, November 2000, ed. J.L. Duggan, American Institute of Physics, vol., 576, 2001, p.1032.
  • \"Nanocontacts: Fabrication, Characterization, and Nanotribology Studies\"; R. W. Carpick, J.R. VanLangendon, E.H. Wilson, and K. Sridharan, proc. conf. Society of Experimental Mechanics, Portland, OR, June 2001, p. 725.
  • \"Experimental Investigation of the Wear Behavior in Surface Modified NiTi\"; L. Tan, W. C. Crone, E.H. Wilson, K. Sridharan, proc. conf. Society of Experimental Mechanics, Portland, OR, June 2001, p. 562.
  • \"Frictional and Adhesive Properties of Diamond-like Carbon/Silicon Nitride Nanocontacts\"; E.E. Flater, J.R. Vanlangendon, E.H. Wilson, K. Sridharan, and R.W. Carpick, proc. conf. Society of Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Milwaukee, WI, June 2002.
  • \"On Supercritical Water Heat Transfer, Corrosion, and Stability\"; R. Jain, V. Seshadri, M. Anderson, K. Sridharan, M. Corradidni, D. Cho, and S. Lomperski Trans. American Nuclear Society, Washington, D.C., November 2002.
  • \"Corrosion Behavior of Candidate Alloys for Supercritical Water Reactors\"; K. Sridharan, A.Zillmer, J.R. Licht, T.R. Allen, M.H. Anderson, and L. Tan, proc. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2004.
  • \"Near-Surface Alloying of Neutron Absorbing Elements into Zirconium-Alloy Fuel Clad Material\"; K. Sridharan, T.J. Renk, S.P. Harrington, E.J. Lahoda,R. Comstock,and M.L. Corradini, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, June 2004.
  • \"Corrosion of Candidate Materials for Lead-Cooled Reactors\"; M.T. Machut, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. NACE-Corrosion Annual Conference, Houston, TX, No. 5590, April 2005.
  • \"Corrosion Behavior of NF616 and D9 as Candidate Alloys for Supercritical Water Reactors\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. NACE-Corrosion Annual Conference, Houston, TX, No. 5391, April 2005.
  • \"Corrosion of Surface Modified Alloys in Supercritical Water\"; K. Sridharan, J.A. King, S.P. Harrington, A.K. Johnson, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Materials for Supercritical Water Reactors, San Diego, CA, ed., D.J. Folkerts, ISSN: 003-018X, vol. 92, p. 123, June 2005.
  • \"Surface Alloying of Boron into Zirconium-Alloy Fuel Cladding Material\"; K. Sridharan, T.J. Renk, A.K. Johnson, S.P. Harrington, E.J. Lahoda, P.P. Provencio, and M.L. Corradini, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Advanced Nuclear Energy Research and Development, San Diego, CA, ed. D.J. Folkerts, ISSN: 003-018X, vol. 92, p. 257, June 2005.
  • \"Long-Term Corrosion Performance of Alloys in Supercritical Water\"; A.J. Zillmer, J.R. Licht, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, and M.L. Corradini, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Materials for Supercritical Water Reactors, San Diego, CA, ed., D.J. Folkerts, ISSN: 003-018X, vol. 92, p. 121, June 2005.
  • \"Corrosion of Candidate Materials in Lead-Cooled Reactors\", M.T. Machut, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Corrosion Compatibility in Lead-Alloy Cooled Systems, San Diego, CA, ed. D.J. Folkerts, ISSN: 003-018X, vol. 92, p. 131, June 2005.
  • \"Corrosion of Ferritic-Martensitic Steels in Supercritical Water\"; X. Ren, L. Zheng, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Materials for Supercritical Water Reactors, San Diego, CA, ed., D.J. Folkerts, ISSN: 003-018X, vol. 92, p. 119, June 2005.
  • \"Functionally Graded Aluminum Matrix Composites for High Wear Aerospace Applications\"; Z.H. Melgarejo, O.M. Suarez, and K. Sridharan, Proc. Third International Materials Congress, Cartagena, Columbia, September 2005.
  • \"Corrosion of Candidate Materials for Supercritical-Cooled Reactors\"; T.R. Allen, Y. Chen, L. Tan, X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and S. Ukai, proc. 12th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Systems, Salt Lake City, UT, p.1397, August 2005.
  • \"Corrosion and Radiation Response of Advanced Ferritic-Martensitic Steels for Generation IV Application\"; T. R. Allen, L. Tan, Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, M. T. Machut,J. Gan, G. Gupta, G. S. Was, and S. Ukai, proc. Global 2005, Tskuba, Japan, Paper No. IL 001, October 2005.
  • \"Corrosion Performance of Surface Modified Materials for Lead-Cooled Reactors\"; M.T. Machut, K. Sridharan, N. Li, and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Winter Conference, Washington D.C, vol. 93, p. 471, 2005.
  • \"Oxidation Behavior of HCM12A Exposed in Harsh Environments\"; L. Tan, M. T. Machut, K. Sridharan,and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Reno, NV, vol. 94, p.745, June 2006.
  • \"Modeling Corrosion Mechanisms of Steels for Lead-Alloy Cooled Reactors\"; M. Machut, K. Sridharan, Ning Li, and T. R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Reno, NV, vol. 94, p.750, June 2006.
  • \"Experimental Design for Testing Materials Corrosion in Molten Fluoride Salt\"; L. Olson, K. Sridharan, M. Anderson, and T. R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Reno, NV, vol. 94, p.805, June 2006.
  • \"Grain Boundary Engineering of FCC and BCC Alloys\"; L. Tan, K. Sridharan, and T. R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Reno, NV, vol. 94, p.744, June 2006.
  • \"Corrosion of 9Cr Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel in Supercritical Water Environment\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, and T. R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Reno, NV, vol. 94, p.740, June 2006.
  • \"Oxidation of Materials in Supercritical Water Environment\"; K. Sridharan, L. Tan, Y. Chen, A. Kruizenga, X. Ren, and T. R. Allen, proc. High Temperature Degradation of Fe-, Ni-, and Co- Alloys, proc. Materials Science and Technology Conference, Cincinnati, OH, eds. R.B. Rebak, B.A. Baker, and B.A. Pint, p. 363, October 2006.
  • \"Corrosion of Candidate Austenitic Stainless Steels for Supercritical Water Reactors\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, and T. R. Allen, proc. NACE-Corrosion Annual Conference, Nashville, TN, No. 07408, March 2007.
  • \"Progress in Understanding Corrosion in Supercritical Water Systems\"; Y. Chen, A. Kruizenga, X. Ren, L. Tan, Y. Yang, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, proc. 3rd International Symposium on Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactors, Shanghai, China, p. 128, March 2007.
  • \"Evolution of Carbide Precipitates in 2.25%Cr-1Mo Steel with Long-Term Sevice Aging in Supercritical Water\"; Y. Yang, A. Certain, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. 3rd International Symposium on Supercritical Water-Cooled Reactors, Shanghai, China, p. 266, March 2007.
  • \"Effects of Surface Roughness, Shot Peening, and Plasma-Assisted Elemental Surface Modification on Corrosion Resistance of Steels for use in Lead-Alloy Cooled Fast Reactors\"; M. Machut, K. Sridharan, N. Li, and T. R. Allen, proc. International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, Nice, France, No. 7221, May 2007.
  • \"Alloy Corrosion in Molten FLiNaK Salt\"; L.C. Olson, J.W. Ambrosek, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T. R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Boston, MA, vol. 96, p.711, June 2007.
  • \"Boron IFBA Surface Treatment of Fuel Cladding Materials\"; J.A. Gudmundson, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, and T.J. Renk, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Boston, MA, vol. 96, p.836, June 2007.
  • \"Microstructural Influence on the Corrosion Behavior of Structural Materials for Nuclear Power Systems\"; L.Tan, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. Workshop on Structural Materials for Innovative Nuclear Systems, Karlsruhe, Germany, p.183, June 2007.
  • \"Effect of Yttrium Thin Film Surface Modification on Corrosion Layers formed on 9Cr ODS Steel in Supercritical Water\"; Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, S. Ukai, and T. R. Allen, proc. 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation in Nuclear Power System, Vancouver, Canada, August 2007.
  • \"High Temperature Corrosion of Materials in Supercritical Water and Liquid Lead-Alloy Environments\"; K. Sridharan, Y. Chen, L. Tan, M.T. Machut, A. Kruizenga, X. Ren, and T. R. Allen, proc. Electrochemical Society Transactions, Washington D.C., vol. 11, February 2008.
  • \"Materials Corrosion in Liquid KCl-MgCl2 Salt\"; J.W. Ambrosek, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, vol. 98, p.1038, June 2008.
  • \"Effect of Shot Peening on Oxidation of Ferritic-Martensitic Steels in Supercritical Water Reactors\"; X. Ren, K. Sridharan, and T. R. Allen, proc. NACE-Corrosion Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, No. 08425, March 2008.
  • \"Electrochemical Analysis of Molten Salts in Conjunction with Neutron Activation Analysis\"; D.C. Ludwig, L.C. Olson, T.R. Allen, M.H. Anderson, and K. Sridharan, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, vol. 98, p.1040, June 2008.
  • \"High Temperature Environmental Stability of Boron Surface Treated Fuel Cladding Materials\"; J.A. Gudmundson, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, E.J. Lahoda, and T.J. Renk, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, vol. 98, p.1138, June 2008.
  • \"Research and Development on Materials Corrosion Issues in Supercritical Water Environment\"; T.R. Allen, K. Sridharan, Y. Chen, L. Tan, X. Ren, and A. Kruizenga, proc. International Conference on Pressurized Water Systems, Berlin, Germany, September 2008.
  • \"System for High Temperature Spectral Emissivity Measurement of Materials for VHTR Applications\"; S.R. Slattery, T.L. Malaney, S.J. Weber, M.H. Anderson, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. ASME 4th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology, Washington D.C, September 2008.
  • \"Materials Development and Selection for Corrosion Resistance: A Critical Issue in Supercritical Water Reactors\"; T.R. Allen, K. Sridharan, Y. Chen, L. Tan, X. Ren, and A. Kruizenga, proc. 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference, Aomori, Japan, October 2008.
  • \"Pilot Project for Irradiation Testing of Materials at the ATR-National Scientific User Facility\"; H.J. MacLean, K. Sridharan, Y. Yang, L. Tan, T.J. Gerczak, and T. R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA, June 2009.
  • \"Oxidation Performance in Supercritical Water\"; T.R. Allen, K. Sridharan, X. Ren, L. Tan, Y. Chen, Z. Chen, and G. Cao, proc. 14th Environmental Degradation of Materials In Nuclear Power Systems, Virginia Beach, VA, August 2009, p.1714.
  • \"Characterization of Vanadium-Lined Fuel Cladding with Various Fabrication Parameters\"; M. Mohammadian, K. Sridharan,T.R. Allen, J. Cole, and R. Fielding, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 2010.
  • \"Spectral Emissivity Measurements of Candidate Alloys for Very High Temperature Reactors in High Temperature Air Environments\"; G. Cao, S.J. Weber, S.O. Martin, M.H. Anderson, K. Sridharan,and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 2010.
  • \"Corrosion Behavior of Alloy 690 and Effects of Grain Boundary Engineering\"; P. Xu, L.Y. Zhao, K. Sridharan,and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 2010.
  • \"Corrosion Studies of High Temperature Alloys in Molten Chloride Salt\"; J.W. Ambrosek, L.C. Olson, K. Sridharan,M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen, Trans. American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials Meeting, San Diego, CA, June 2010.
  • \"High Temperature Molten Salt as Heat Transfer Fluids: Corrosion and Flow Loop Studies\"; L.C. Olson, J.W. Ambrosek, N. Kuwahara, M.H. Anderson, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. High Temperature Reactors Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, October 2010.
  • \"Assessment of the Mechanical Integrity of Silicon and Diamond-Like Carbon Coated Silicon Atomic Force Microscope Probes\"; J. Liu, D.S. Grierson, K. Sridharan, R.W. Carpick, and K.T. Turner, proc. conf. Society of Photo-Optical and Intrumentation Engineers (SPIE), San Diego, CA, July 2010.
  • \"Heat Transfer and Friction Coefficients of Molten Salt\"; J.W. Ambrosek, N. Kuwahara, M.H. Anderson, and K. Sridharan, Trans. 8th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety, Shanghai, China, October 2010.
  • \"Seedless, Etchless Deposition of Nanocrystalline Diamond Coatings for Performance Improvements of Micro End Mills using Carbon Ion Implantation\"; C.D. Torres, P.J. Heaney, K. Sridharan, G. Cao, A.V. Sumant, R.W. Carpick, and F.E. Pfefferkorn, proc. International Conference on MicroManufacturing, Tokyo, Japan, March 2011.
  • \"Corrosion Testing of Materials in High Temperature Supercritical Carbon-Dioxide Environment\"; K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, G. Cao, J.J. Jelinek, V. Firouzdor, and T.R. Allen, proc. Supercritical CO2 Power Cycle Symposium, Boulder, CO, May 2011.
  • “Grain Boundary Engineering and Air Oxidation Behavior of Alloy 690”, P. Xu, L. Y. Liang, K. Sridharan, T. R. Allen, proc. conf. 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water ReactorsColorado Springs, CO, 2011.
  • “Corrosion Behavior of Alloys in High Temperature Supercritical Carbon Dioxide”, J.J. Jelinek, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, T.R. Allen, G Cao, and V. Firouzdor, proc. conf. National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE), Salt Lake City, UT, Paper. No. C2012-0001428, 2012.
  • “Use of Silicon Carbide Monitors in ATR Irradiation Testing\", K.L. Davis, B. Chase, T. Unruh, D. Knudson, J. Rempe, H. Chichester, and K. Sridharan, proc. 8th American Nuclear Society International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation - Control and Human-Machine Interface Technologies, San Diego, CA, July 2012.
  • “University of Wisconsin Ion Beam Laboratory: A Facility for Irradiated Materials and Ion Beam Analysis”, K.G. Field, C.J. Wetteland, G. Cao, B.R. Maier, C. Dickerson, T.J. Gerczak, C.R. Field, K. Kriewaldt, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. 22nd International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry, American Institute of Physics, Fort Worth, TX, August 2012, 1525, 159 (2013), DOI:10.1063/1. 4802311.
  • “Optimal Conditions for High Current Proton Irradiations at the University of Wisconsin’s Ion Beam Laboratory”, C.J. Wetteland, K.G. Field, B.R. Maier, T.J. Gerczak, O. Albakri, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, proc. 22nd International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry, American Institute of Physics, Fort Worth, TX, August 20121525, 649 (2013), DOI:10.1063/1. 4802407.
  • “Thermal Properties of LiCl-KCl Molten Salt for Nuclear Waste Separation”, K. Sridharan, S.O.  Martin, M. Mohammadian, J. Sager, T.R. Allen, and M. Simpson, proc. Transactions of American Nuclear Society, ANS Annual Conference, Chicago, IL, June 2012, 106(1), p. 1240.
  • “Study of Interfacial Interactions Using Thin Film Surface Modification”, A. Mairov, B. Hauch, C.Yablinsky, and K. Sridharan, proc. Transactions of American Nuclear Society, ANS Annual Conference, Chicago, IL, June 2012, 106(1), p. 1270.
  • \"Corrrosion of Candidate Alloys in High Temperature, High Pressure Supercritical Carbon-Dioxide for Brayton Cycle Applications\", K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, M. Anderson, G. Cao, J.J. Jelinek, and P. Roman, proc. National Association of Corrosion Engineers Conference, Orlando, FL, March 2013, Paper No. 2683.
  • “Corrosion of Canister Materials for Extended Storage of Used Fuel”, B. Hauch, B. Semerau, S. Banerjee, and K. Sridharan, proc. International High Level Radioactive Waste Management, Albuquerque, NM, May 2013.
  • “Corrosion Protection of 5xxx Series Aluminum-Alloy by Cold Spray Process”, K. Sridharan, B.R. Maier, B. J. Hauch, D. Devan, proc. International Thermal Spray Conference, Busan, S. Korea, May 2103.
  • “Investigation of 2LiF-BeF2 (FLiBe): Salt Transfer, Corrosion Tests, and Characterization”, G. Zheng, B. Kelleher, G. Cao, K. Sridharan, M. Anderson, T.R. Allen, proc. Transactions of American Nuclear Society, ANS Conference, Washington, DC, November 2013.

Published Abstracts:

  • \"Effect of Particle Size on Microstructure of Rapidly Solidified Tool Steel Powders\"; K. Sridharan and J.H. Perepezko, World Materials Congress, Chicago, IL, September 1988.
  • \"Effect of Irradiation with 4MeV Ni Ions on Microstructure of High Strength Invar Alloys\"; K. Sridharan, R.D. Griffin, R.A. Dodd, and F.J. Worzala, TMS-ASM Annual Conf., Las Vegas, NV, March 1989.
  • \"Glow Discharge Characterization of Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; M.M. Shamim, K. Sridharan, R.P. Fetherston, and J.R. Conrad, 45th Annual Gaseous Electronics Conf., Boston, MA, October 1992.
  • \"Results of Industrial Field Testing of Plasma-Treated Targets\"; K. Sridharan, R.P. Fetherston, J.R. Conrad, and F.J. Worzala, IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Madison, WI, June 1995.
  • \"Development of Plasma-Based Techniques to Reduce Environmental Hazards Associated with Wet-Bath Electroplating Procedures\";K. Sridharan, R.A. Breun, J. Callen, J.R. Conrad, A. Chen, R.P. Fetherston, and M.M. Shamim, 4th International Congress on Environmentally Conscious Design and Manufacturing, Cleveland, OH, July 1996.
  • \"Ion-Assisted Coatings for Enhancing Wear and Corrosion Resistance of Engineering Materials\", K. Sridharan, J.R. Conrad, R.A. Breun, M.M. Shamim, R.P. Fetherston, and A. Chen, DoD Workshop on Hot Gas Erosion and Wear of Materials, Ann Arbor, MI, September 1996.
  • \"Design of a Sputtering Cathode for Binary Alloy Deposition\"; M.M. Shamim, P.Fetherston, K. Sridharan, and J.R. Conrad, 49th Annual Gaseous Electronics Conf., Argonne, IL, October 1996.
  • \"Production of Silicon-Containing Diamond-like Carbon by Plasma Immersion Ion Processing\"; S.M. Malik, K. Sridharan, R.A. Breun, and J.R. Conrad, 4th International Conf. on Plasma Based Ion Implantation, Dearborn, MI, September 1997.
  • \"Diamond-like Carbon Coating for Protection of High Strength Steel and Titanium Alloys\"; V. Sundaram, D. Dull, J. Rogers, and K. Sridharan, Jl. Materials (9/2000), ASM/TMS Annual Conf., St. Louis, MO, October 2000.
  • \"Surface Modification of NiTi with Plasma Source Ion Implantation for Biomedical Applications\"; W.C. Crone, K. Sridharan, and L. Tan, International Congress of Theoretical & Applied Mechanics, Chicago, IL, August 2000, ICTAM 2000, ISSN 0073-5264, No. 950.
  • \"Diamond-like Carbon Coating as a Replacement for Electroplated Hard Chromium\"; D. Dull, V. Sundaram, J. Rogers, K. Sridharan, E. Wilson, and D. Lawrence\" Department of Defense - Concurrent Technologies Conference on Cadmium, Chromium, and Nickel Alternatives: An Information Exchange\", Seven Springs, PA, September 2000.
  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implanted Nickel Titanium for Biomedical Applications\"; W.C. Crone and K. Sridharan, proc. conf. Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies, Pacific Grove, CA, 2000, 9(2), p. 158.
  • \"Ultrahard, Ultralow Friction Nanocontacts\"; R.W. Carpick, J.R. Vanlangendon, E.H. Wilson, and K. Sridharan, 11th International Conference on Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Spectroscopy and Related Techniques, Vancouver, Canada, July 2001.
  • \"Influence of Surface Modification on Indentation and Wear Behavior in NiTi Shape Memory Alloy\"; W.C. Crone, L. Tan, and K. Sridharan, Symposium on Physics, Mechanics, and Modeling of Phase Transformations, San Diego, CA, June 2001.
  • \"Diamond-Like Carbon Nanocontacts\"; R.W. Carpick, J.R. VanLangedon, E.H. Wilson, and K. Sridharan, AVS 48th International Symposium and 11th International Conference on Solid Surfaces, San Francisco, CA, October 2001.
  • \"Deposition of Low Surface Energy, Wear-Resistant Films on MEMS-LIGA Devices using an Energetic Pulsed Plasma Immersion Process\"; K. Sridharan, A.M. Morales, E.H. Wilson, and J.R. Woodworth, Materials Research Society Conf., Boston, MA, November 2001.
  • \"Humidity Dependence of Friction and Adhesion for Diamond-like Carbon/Silicon Nitride Nanocontacts\"; E.E. Flater, J.R. VanLangendon, K. Sridharan, and R.W. Carpick, Gordon Research Conference on Tribology, Bristol, RI, August 2002.
  • \"Near-Surface Alloying of Zirconium and Gadolinium Using Deposition and Eneregetic Ion Bombardment Processes\"; T.J. Renk, K. Sridharan, S.P. Harrington, E.J. Lahoda, and M.L. Corradini, International Symposium on Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials, American Society for Materials Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, October 2003.
  • \"The Effect (and non-effect) of Water on Friction and Adhesion for Diamond-like Carbon Films\"; E.E. Flater, K. Sridharan, and R.W. Carpick, Materials Research Society Symposium on Dynamics in Small Confining Systems, Boston, MA, December 2003.
  • \"Applications of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation and Deposition\"; K. Sridharan, E.H. Wilson, and M.M. Shamim, 7th International Conference on Plasma-Based Ion Implantation, San Antonio, TX,September 2003.
  • \"Synthesis of Hard Carbon Thin Layers with Unique Structures using Cold Plasma Environments\"; S. Manolache, F.S. Denes, L.E. Barba, and K. Sridharan, Hawaii International Conferences on Sciences, Honolulu, HI, January 2004.
  • \"Nanotribological Properties of Advanced Nanostructured Carbon Films\";D.S. Grierson, A.V. Sumant, J.E. Gerbi, J. Birrell, J.A. Carlisle, O.H. Auciello, K. Sridharan, and R.W. Carpick, 41st Society of Engineering Sciences Technical Conference, Lincoln, NE, October 2004.
  • \"Nanotribology of High Performance Amorphous Carbon Films\"; D. Grierson, A.V. Sumant, K. Sridharan, E.E. Flater, T.A. Friedmann, J.P. Sullivan, R.W. Carpick, conf. American Physical Society, Los Angeles, CA, March 2005.
  • \"Energetic Ion-Based Surface Treatments for Orthopedic Materials\"; K. Sridharan, Symposium on Engineering in Biology and Medicine, Madison, WI, April 2005.
  • \"Intense Ion Beams from the MAP Active Ion Source For Materials Processing Applications\"; T.J. Renk, P.P. Provencio, S.V. Prasad, T.E. Buchheit, K. Sridharan, and D.W. Peterson, conf. IEEE Pulsed Power Technology, Monterey, CA, June 2005.
  • \"Nanotribology of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond and Amorphous Carbon Interfaces\"; D. S. Grierson, A.V. Sumant, J. Birrell, O. Auciello, J. A. Carlisle, K. Sridharan, T.A. Friedmann, J.P. Sullivan, R.W. Carpick, Gordon Research Conference on Tribology, Waterville, ME, June 2006.
  • \"Nanotribological Properties of Diamond-like Carbon Thin Films: Studying how Annealing Affects Adhesion and Friction at the Nanoscale\"; D. S. Grierson, A.R. Konicek, A. V. Sumant, K. Sridharan, and R. W. Carpick, American Vacuum Society 53rd International Symposium, San Francisco, CA, November 2006.
  • \"Evaluation of Materials Corrosion in Molten Fluoride Salts\"; L.C. Olson, J.W. Ambrosek, K. Sridharan, M.H. Anderson, T.R. Allen, and M.L. Corradini, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Conference, San Francisco, CA, November 2006.
  • \"Investigation of Stress Corrosion Cracking in Supercritical Water using Tubular Configuration\"; A. Kruizenga, T.R. Allen, and K. Sridharan, 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems, Vancouver, Canada, August 2007.
  • \"Nanoscale Silicon-Doped Diamond-Like Carbon Tips\"; H. Bhaskaran, B. Gotsmann, U. Dreschsler, M. Lantz, A. Sebastien, M. Despont, Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, P. Jaroenapibal, and R.W. Carpick, proc. 34th International Conference on Micro and Nano Engineering, Athens, Greece, September 2008.
  • \"Decay of Activity Induced by Solar Wind Implantation of Lunar Mineral Analogs\"; K.R. Kuhlman, K. Sridharan, Y. Chen, D. Garrison, D.S. McKay, and L.A. Taylor, proc. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Houston, TX, October 2008.
  • \"Structural and Nanotribological Properties of Carbon-Implanted Silicon Scanning Probe Tips\"; P. Jaroenapibal, R.W. Carpick, S.D. O\'Connor, Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, K.T. Turner, M. Lantz, and B. Gotsmann, Materials Research Society Annual Conference, Boston, MA, November 2008.
  • \"Effect of Grain Boundary Engineering on Microstructure and Properties of Alloy 800H\"; L, Tan, L. Rakotojaona, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, R. Nanstad, and D.A. McClintock, proc. TMS Annual Conference, San Francisco, CA, February 2009.
  • \"Decay of Reactivity Induced by Simulated Solar Wind Implantation of a Forsteritic Olivine\"; K.R. Kuhlman, K. Sridharan, D.H. Garrison, D.S. McKay, and L.A. Taylor, 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, March 2009.
  • \"Wear on the Nanoscale: Mechanisms and Materials\"; B. Gotsmann, M.A. Lantz, H. Bhaskaran, A. Sebastian, U. Drechsler, M. Despont, Y. Chen, K. Sridharan, P. Jaroenapibal and R.W. Carpick, proc. German Physical Society Conference, Regensburg, Germany, March 2010.
  • \"Fuel-Cladding Development for Sodium Fast Reactor Metallic Transmutation Fuels\"; J. Cole, R. Fielding, J. Gan, H. Wang, T. Allen, and K. Sridharan, The Metallurgical Society Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, February 2011.
  • \"Program for Irradiation of Reactor Structural Materials at ATR National Scientific User Facility\"; H. Chichester, K. Sridharan, R. Prabhakaran, Y. Yong, P. Xu, and T. Allen, The Metallurgical Society Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, February 2011.
  • “Nanofluid-Based Coatings to Mitigate Fuel Cladding Chemical Interactions (FCCI)”, V. Firouzdor, L. Wilson, K. Sridharan, B. Semerau, B. Hauch, and T.R. Allen,  The Metallurgical Society (TMS) Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, March 2012.
  • “Cold Spray Technology: A Potential Approach to Address Materials Aging Issues in Nuclear Reactor Systems”, K. Sridharan, B.R. Maier, B. Hauch, Y.Yang, and T.R. Allen, The Metallurgical Society (TMS) Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, March 2012.
  • “Materials Corrosion in Liquid Fluoride Salt for NGNP Applications”, K. Sridharan, L. Olson, R. Sellers, B. Kelleher, W. Cheng, J. W. Ambrosek, M.H. Anderson, and T.R. Allen,  The Metallurgical Society (TMS) Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, March 2012.
  • “Grain Size Dependence of Radiation Response in Silicon Carbide”, L.M. Jamison, P. Xu, K. Sridharan, and T.R. Allen, The Metallurgical Society (TMS) Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, March 2012.
  • “Cold Spray Coatings of Aluminum Alloys for Corrosion Resistance”, B.R. Maier, B.J. Hauch, K. Sridharan, D. Devan, and T.R. Allen,  proc. Materials Science and Technology Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, October 2012.
  • “Study of Interfacial Interactions Using Thin Film Surface Modification”, A. Mairov, B. Hauch, K. Sridharan, T.R. Allen, and J. Zhang, proc. Materials Science and Technology Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, October 2012.
  • \"Stability of Interfaces in Thin Film-substrate System under Ion Irradiation\", A. Mairov, B. Hauch, K. Sridharan, T. Allen, J. Zhang, proc. The Metallurgical Society (TMS) Conf., San Diego, CA, February 2014.

 

Industrial and National Labortory Reports (co-authored):

  • \"Plasma Source Ion Implantation of WC-CO Punches\"; IBM, 1993.
  • \"Hardness and Wear Characterization of Surface Modified Tool and Die Alloy Steels\"; A.O. Smith, 1996.
  • \"Evaluation of Spalling of Diamond-like Carbon Coating and Illustration of TAMIX Code Simulation\"; Boeing, 1997.
  • \"Evaluation of PVD Zirconium-Nitride Coatings for Kwikset Applications\"; Kwikset, 1997.
  • \"Characterization of a Vanadium Carbide Coating prepared by Ion Beam Assisted Deposition using Plasma Source Ion Implantation\"; General Motors, 1998.
  • \"Carbon Plasma Surface Modification of 52100 Bearing Steel\"; Kearfott Guidance, 1999.
  • \"Effect of Plasma Ion Implantation on Fretting Wear of Zircaloy used in Nuclear Reactor Applications\"; General Electric, 1999.
  • \"Structure of Boron-Containing Coatings Deposited on Zirconium-Alloy Fuel Clad Material using a Cold-Spray Process\"; Westinghouse, 2004.
  • \"500 hour Static Corrosion Testing of Alloys in 40 wt. % KNO3 - 60 wt % NaNO3 Molten Salt\"; Shell Global Solutions, 2008.
  • \"Generation IV Reactors Materials Technology Program Plan: Focus on Very High Temperature Reactor Materials\", ORNL (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)/TM-2008/129, 2008.
  • \"Molten Salts for High Temperature Reactors: University of Wisconsin Molten Salt Corrosion and Flow Loop Experiments - Issues Identified and Path Forward\", INL (Idaho National Laboratory)/EXT-10-18090, 2010.

 

Invited Talks:

  • \"Plasma-Aided Implantation/Deposition to Resist Degradation of Orthopedic Materials\"; Division of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI, 1993.
  • \"Surface Modification of Materials by Plasma Source Ion Implantation\", 10th Surface Modification Technology Conference, Singapore, 1996.
  • \"Surface Engineering of Materials by Plasma-Based Ion Implantation and Film Deposition\"; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 2001.
  • \"Progress in Understanding Corrosion in Supercritical Water Systems\", 3rd Intl. Symposium on SCWR-Design and Technology, Shanghai, China, 2007.
  • \"Getting Ready for Materials Testing in Advanced Test Reactor - an User\\\'s Perspective\"; Advanced Test Reactor - National Scientific User Facility Workshop, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID, 2008.
  • \"Plasma-Based Surface Treatments and Corrosion in High Temperature Environments\"; U.S. Army Corrosion Summit, Clearwater, Florida, 2009.
  • \"Corrosion of Candidate Alloys in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide\"; Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Power Cycle Symposium, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, 2009.
  • \"Thermal Properties of LiCl-KCl Molten Salt for Pyroprocessing\": Department of Energy Fuel Cycle Research and Development Conference, Gaithersburg, MD, 2010.
  • “Development of Diffusion Barrier Coatings and Deposition Technologies for Mitigating Fuel Cladding Chemical Interactions”, Fuel Cycle Research and Development conference, Gaithersburg, MD, October 2010.
  • “Nuclear Reactor Materials at the University of Wisconsin: Molten Salt Corrosion and Pyroprocessing”, Departmental Colloquium, University of North Carolina, Raleigh, September 2010.
  • “Accident Tolerant, and Oxidation and Wear Resistant MAX Phase Thin Film Coatings on Zirconium Alloy Cladding”, Industry Advisory Committee for Advanced LWR Fuel Concept Meeting, Duke Energy Center, Charlotte, NC, October 2011.
  • \"Cold Spray Materials Deposition Technology\", International Thermal Spray Conference, Houston, TX, May 2012.
  • “Materials Corrosion in Molten Fluoride Salts”, The Metallurgical Society (TMS) Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX, March 2013.

Accomplishments

  • Co-editor of proceedings for International Workshop on Plasma-Based Ion Implantation, Madison, WI, August 1993, published as topical issue in Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, April 1994
  • Chair, \"Biomedical Coatings\" session, 10th Surface Modification Technology Conference, Singapore, September, 1996
  • Co-organizer, \"Plasma and Vapor Deposition\" sessions, American Society for Materials Annual Conference, Cleveland, OH, 1995
  • Key member of a research program that won the 1997 R and D 100 Award (top 100 inventions of the year) in partnership with General Motors Research Laboratory, and Los Alamos National Laboratory under a Department of Energy CRADA program
  • Vice-Chair, Surface Modification and Coatings Technology Division of The Metallurgical Society, 1997-98
  • Invited speaker/panel member, North American Technology and Industrial Base Organization (NATIBO ) - Ion Beam Processing Technologies Workshop sponsored by the Department of Defense Corpus Christi, TX, 1996 and 98
  • Member, Surface Engineering Division Committee, American Society for Materials International, 1996 - 2005
  • Committee Member, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Principal Investigator Committee, 2006-2009.
  • Member of editorial committee of journal \"International Materials Reviews\", 2000-2012.
  • Member of editorial committee of \"Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance\", 2003-2012.
  • Member ASM-TMS Joint Government Affairs Committee, 2007-2011.
  • Member of committee for the selection winners of Henry Howe Medal and Marcus Grossmann Young Author Award, American Society for Materials, 2006-2009.
  • Member of editorial committee for the journal \"Advanced Materials and Processes\", 2013-present.
  • Member of organizing committee of \"International Surface Engineering Congress and Exposition\", American Society for Materials, Indianapolis, IN, September 2003
  • Co-Chair and Organizer for session on \"High Energy Photonic Processing for Surface Modification\", International Surface Engineering Congress and Exhibition, American Society for Materials, Orlando, FL, August 2004.
  • Chair for session on \"Materials for Supercritical Water Reactors\", American Nuclear Society Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, June 2005.
  • Chair and Organizer of symposium on \"Materials Corrosion in Supercritical Systems\", National Association of Corrosion Engineers Annual Conference (NACE), Atlanta, GA, March 2009.
  • Member of Nuclear Materials Committee, The Metallurgical Society (TMS), 2009-present.
  • Organizer and session chair for the Annual \"Materials for Nuclear Energy Systems\" symposia, Materials Science and Technology, Annual Conferences (since 2009).
  • Reviewed proposals for U.S. Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, and U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation. 
  • Selected as technical expert for evaluation of (i) Center of Excellence in Nuclear Materials Research in Canada by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, 2006-2011, (ii) proposals for New Zealand\'s Foundation for Science, Research, and Technology in the area of ion beam technology for novel materials synthesis, and (iii) Singapore\'s Agency for Science, Technology, and Research (A-STAR) in the area of biomaterials.
  • Over 200 publications in the field of expertise including five invited book chapters, journal articles, conference proceedings, published abstractions, and industry and national laboratory reports.
  • Invited participant to the National Academies Keck Foundation Initiative (NAKFI) on Future of Advanced Reactor Technologies, Irvine, CA 2013.
  • Over $9M in research funding as Principal Investigator and over $7M in funding as co-Principal Investigator at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
  • Co-supervised research of over 35 Doctoral and Masters Thesis students and over 40 undergraduate students.
  • Mentorship of high school students through 10-week summer research projects that culminate in poster session and participation in  the Intel-sponsored International Science and Engineering Fair.
  • Volunteer tutor in Mathematics, Madison East High School, 2003-04.
  • Elected Fellow of American Society for Materials, 2008.
  • University of Wisconsin College of Engineering\'s Bollinger Distinguished Achievement Award, 2102.
  • American Society for Materials - Indian Institute for Materials, Visiting Lectureship Award, 2012.
  • University of Wisconsin\'s Chancellor\'s Award for Excellence in Research, 2013.
  • Member of: American Society for Materials, The Metallurgical Society, Materials Research Society

Industrial Collaborations and Impacts

General Motors -  Development of high temperature coatings, process commercialization

Boeing - Characterization of diamond-like carbon films, wear testing

Thermal Spray Technology - Coating development and analysis, elemental modifications to reduce porosity, interlayer development for coating adhesion, cold spray coating technlogy

Varian - Shallow junction semiconductors

Eastman Kodak - Surface modification of thin film magnetic media

A.O. Smith - Reduction of tool/mold wear and galling in metal forming operations

Fort James - Controlled surface energy coatings

Seagate - Materials modification within depth range of 10nm

Kearfott Guidance  - Enhancing wear and corrosion resistance of gyroscope bearings   

General Electric -  Fretting wear resistance of zirconium-alloy used in nuclear fuel reactors

Dow Corning - Wear in modular orthopedic implants

Applied Science & Technology - SBIR Phase I study of showing demonstrating the non-line-of-sightnature of the plasma ion implantation process for orthopedic devices

Harley Davidson - Heat checking of dies used in die casting to improve part appearance

DuPont - Scratch resistant plastics

Kwikset  - Corrosion study of a variety of brasses and failure analysis

Nano Instruments - Mechanical testing of surface modified samples on nano-scale

Westinghouse -  Selective incorporation of burnable elements into zirconium-alloy and accident tolerant claddings fuel cladding material 

IBM - Wear-resistant Diamond-like Carbon films for nanofabrication

Shell Global - Corrosion evaluations for molten salt for oil extraction from shale 

Century Tubing - Nuclear fuel cladding development

Innovati - Nickel and nickel-based composites cold spray coatings for corrosion resistance in molten salt applications

ASB Industries - Development of cold spray materials coating technology

AREVA - Coatings for accident tolerant nuclear fuels

Courses

Summer 2014

  • NE 790 - Master\'s Research and Thesis

  • NE 699 - Advanced Independent Study
  • NE 990 - Research and Thesis
  • NE 890 - Pre-Dissertator\'s Research
  • NE 489 - Honors in Research
  • NE 699 - Advanced Independent Study
  • NE 990 - Research and Thesis
  • NE 890 - Pre-Dissertator\'s Research
  • NE 790 - Master\'s Research and Thesis
  • NE 489 - Honors in Research
  • NE 699 - Advanced Independent Study
  • NE 990 - Research and Thesis
  • NE 890 - Pre-Dissertator\'s Research
  • NE 790 - Master\'s Research and Thesis

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