Lih-sheng Turng

Professor

Room: 1051 ME
Mechanical Engineering Building
1513 University Avenue
Madison, WI 53706

Ph: (608) 262-0586
Fax: (608) 265-2316
turng@engr.wisc.edu

Primary Affiliation:
Mechanical Engineering

Additional Affiliations:
Biomedical Engineering, Materials Science Program,


Profile Summary

Professor Turng is recognized for his research into the science and engineering of polymer injection molding. His research encompasses novel processes as well as new materials. He has been working in the area of microcellular injection molding, and has extended his research into nanocomposites, bio-based polymers, and tissue engineering scaffolds. Numerous grants and awards supporting his work have resulted, including the National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Award, several NSF Academic Program Awards, an Industrial Consortium, sponsored research programs, several Wisconsin Innovation & Economic Development Research Program awards, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) Accelerator Program awards, as well as grants from the Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He is the Co-Director of the Polymer Engineering Center and Engineering Polymer Industrial Consortium at UW-Madison, and NSF Industry/University Corporative Research Center (I/UCRC) that supports faculty research and outreach.

Turng had been with C-MOLD, a company recognized for its advanced plastics CAE simulation packages, for 10 years before joining UW-Madison in the summer of 2000. At C-MOLD, Turng was the Principal Investigator for four Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I, Phase II projects, and research grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the New York State Science and Technology Foundation.

At present, Professor Turng has served as the Chair and the Board of Directors of the Injection Molding Division of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE). In addition, he is on the Editorial Board for the Journal of Advances in Polymer Technology, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Journal of Cellular Plastics, and International Journal of Polymer Materials. Professor Turng was the invited panelist and speaker at the 2003 Wisconsin Economic Summit IV and plenary or keynote speaker at a number of other international conferences. He has served as the Chair of the Canadian NSERC Network for Innovative Plastic Materials and Manufacturing Processes (NIPMMP). He has published over 300 technical papers and has authored or edited a dozen books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and special issue journals.

Professor Turng is a Fellow member of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is the recipient of the 2011 “Engineer of the Year Award” from the Society of Plastics Engineers Injection Molding Division and an Honored Service Member of the SPE in 2014.

Professor Turng has recently been selected to join the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery (WID) at UW-Madison and lead an interdisciplinary team to develop innovative tissue engineering scaffolds that restore, maintain, or improve the function of diseased or damaged human tissues. He is also the University of Wisconsin–Madison Principal Investigator for the DOD Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute (DMDII) project, one of the President Obama’s National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) institutes.

Education

  • BS, 1981, National Taiwan University
  • MS, 1987, Cornell University
  • PhD, 1990, Cornell University

Research Interests

  • injection molding and innovative plastics manufacturing processes
  • bio-based polymers and tissue engineering scaffolds
  • microcellular injection molding (MuCell process)
  • nanocomposites and electro-active polymers (EAP\'s)
  • computer-aided engineering (CAE) and numerical simulation
  • design and process optimization
  • intelligent injection molding control
  • material characterization for plastics and metals
  • net-shape die casting using semi-solid alloys
  • Internet-based collaboration for design and manufacturing

Awards, Honors and Societies

  • Fellow, Society of Plastics Engineers, 2008 - present (chair of board of directors, Injection Molding Division)
  • Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2008 - present
  • Honored Service Member Award, Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE), 2014.
  • Best Paper and Poster Awards, Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conferences (ANTEC), 2014, 2013, 2012, 1992
  • Engineer of the Year Award, Society of Plastics Engineers Injection Molding Division, 2011
  • Liu Memorial Award for academic achievement and leadership, Cornell University, 1986
  • Best paper award, Advanced Forming Technology and Material Processing, 2006
  • Best paper award, International Conference on Education and Information Systems, 2003
  • 3M Non-tenured Faculty Award, 2003 and 2004

Publications

Journal Papers Published or Accepted

  1. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Peng, J., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L. S., “Electrospun Aligned Poly(propylene carbonate) Microfibers with Chitosan Nanofibers as Tissue Engineering Scaffolds,” accepted by Carbohydrate Polymers, October 2014
  2. Sun, X., Kharbas, H., Peng, J., and Turng, L.-S., “A Novel Method of Producing Lightweight Microcellular Injection Molded Parts with Improved Ductility and Toughness,” accepted by Polymer, September 2014.
  3. Nishida, Y., Doumura, R., Sakai, R., Okamoto, M., Arakawa, S., Ishiki, R., Salick, M. R., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of PLLA/HA Composite Scaffolds modified by DNA,” Polymer, in press, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.09.063, 2014.
  4. Sun, X., Kharbas, H., Peng, J., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Super Ductile Polymeric Blends Using Microcellular Injection Molding,” Manufacturing Letters, 2, n2, pp. 64-68, 2014.
  5. Peng, J., Sun, X., Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Novel Foaming Method to Fabricate Microcellular Injection Molded Polycarbonate Parts Using Sodium Chloride and Active Carbon as Nucleating Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, in press, DOI: 10.1002/pen.24001, 2014.
  6. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “The Morphology, Properties, and Shape Memory Behavior of Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Blends,” Polymer Engineering and Science, in press, DOI: 10.1002/pen.23873, 2014.
  7. Peng, J., Ellingham, T., Sabo, R., Turng, L.-S., and Clemons, C. M., “Short Cellulose Nanofibrils as Reinforcement in Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber,” Cellulose, in press, DOI: 10.1007/s10570-014-0411-3, 2014.
  8. Zhang, C., Peng, J., Sabo, R., Clemons, C. M., Dan, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Natural Rubber Composites Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals from Southern Pine,” Advances in Polymer Technology, in press, DOI: 10.1002/adv.21448, 2014.
  9. Zhang, C., Zhai, T., Sabo, R., Clemons, C., Dan, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “Reinforcing Natural Rubber with Cellulose Nanofibrils Extracted from Bleached Eucalyptus Kraft Pulp,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 8, n3, pp. 317-324, 2014.
  10. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Peng, J., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/Cellulose Nano-crystal (CNC) Nanocomposites and Foams,” Cellulose, in press, DOI: 10.1007/s10570-014-0327-y, 2014.
  11. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Cordie, T., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Shish–Kebab Structured Poly (ε-caprolactone) Electrospun Nanofibers That Mimic Collagen Fibrils: Effect of Solvents and Matrigel Functionalization,” Polymer, in press, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.08.061, 2014.
  12. Cordie, T., Harkness, T., Jing, X., Carlson-Stevermer, J., Mi, H. Y., Turng, L.-S., and Saha, K., “Nanofibrous Electrospun Polymers for Reprogramming Human Cells,” Journal of Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering, 7, n3, pp. 379-393, 2014.
  13. Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T., Mi, H. Y., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Electrospinning Homogeneous Nanofibrous Poly(propylene carbonate)/Gelatin Composite Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, n22, pp. 9391-9400, 2014.
  14. Peng, J., Zhang, C., Mi, H. Y., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Study of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Poly (butylenes adipate-co- terephthalate) (PBAT)/Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) Biodegradable Parts,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, n20, pp. 8493-8500, 2014.
  15. Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., Jing, X., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Electrospinning of Unidirectionally and Orthogonally Aligned Thermoplastic Polyurethane Nanofibers: Fiber Orientation and Cell Migration,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part A, in press, DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.35208.
  16. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Fabrication of Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Tissue Engineering Scaffold by Combining Microcellular Injection Molding and Particle Leaching,” Journal of Materials Research, 29, n8, pp. 911-922, 2014.
  17. McNulty, J., Klann, T., Sha, J., Salick, M., Knight, G. T., Turng, L.-S., and Ashton, R., “High-Precision Robotic Microcontact Printing (R-mCP) Utilizing A Vision Guided Selectively Compliant Articulated Robotic Arm,” Lab on A Chip, 14, pp. 1923-1930, 2014.
  18. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Han, J., Turng, L.-S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication and Characterization of Highly Porous Chitosan/Poly(DL lactic-co-glycolic acid) Nano-composite Scaffolds Using Electrospinning and Freeze Drying,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 8, n3, pp. 281-291, 2014.
  19. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., and Turng, L.-S., “Fabrication of Porous Synthetic Polymer Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, in press, DOI: 10.1177/0021955X14531002, 2014.
  20. Xu, B., Turng, L.-S., Yu, H., and Wang, M., “Topological Chaos by Pseudo-Anosov Map in Cavity Laminar Mixing,\" Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics, in press, DOI: doi:10.1115/1.4026634, 2014.
  21. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Morphology, Mechanical Properties, and Shape-Memory Effects of Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU)/Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) Blend Scaffolds Prepared by Thermally Induced Phase Separation,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, in press, DOI: 10.1177/0021955X14525959, 2014.
  22. Mi, H. Y., Palumbo, S., Jing, X, Turng, L.-S., Li, W. J., and Peng, X.F., “Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Hydroxyapatite Electrospun Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering: Effects of Polymer Properties and Particle Size,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B., 102, n7, pp. 1434-1444, 2014.
  23. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Salick, M., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Preparation of Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Oxide Composite Scaffolds by Thermally Induced Phase Separation,” Polymer Composites, in press, DOI:10.1002/pc.22793, 2014.
  24. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T. M., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Properties and Fibroblast Cellular Response of Soft and Hard Thermoplastic Polyurethane Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, in press, DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.33271, 2014.
  25. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Cordie, T. M., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “Morphology, Mechanical Properties, and Mineralization of Rigid Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Applications: Effects of Fabrication Approaches and Hydroxyapatite Size,\" Journal of Materials Science, 49, pp. 2324-2337, 2014.
  26. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salick, M. R., Peng, X. F., and Turng, L.-S., “A Novel Thermoplastic Polyurethane Scaffold Fabrication Method Based on Injection Foaming with Water and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Coblowing Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, in press, DOI: 10.1002/pen.23852, 2014.
  27. Mi, H. Y., Li, Z., Turng, L.-S., Sun, Y., Gong, S., “Silver Nanowire/Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomer Nanocomposites: Thermal, Mechanical, and Dielectric Properties,” Materials and Design, 56, pp. 398-404, 2014.
  28. Srithep, Y. and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular Injection Molding of Recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Blends with Chain Extenders and Nanoclay,” Journal of Polymer Engineering, 34, n1, pp. 5-13, 2014.
  29. Xi, Z., Zhang, F., Zhong, H., Liu, T., Zhou, L., and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular Injection Molding of In-situ Modified Poly(ethylene terephthalate) with Supercritical Nitrogen,” accepted for publication by Polymer Engineering and Science, December 2013.
  30. Wang, X. F., Salick, M., Wang, X. D., Cordie, T., Han, W., Peng, Y., Li, Q., and Turng, L.-S., “Poly(ε-caprolactone) Nanofibers with a Self-Induced Nanohybrid Shish-Kebab Structure Mimicking Collagen Fibrils,” Biomacromolecules, 14, n10, pp. 3557-3569, 2013.
  31. Srithep, Y., Ellingham, T., Sabo, R., Clemons, C., Turng, L.-S., and Pilla S., \" Melt Compounding of Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)/ Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nanocomposites: Properties, Solubility of Carbon Dioxide, and Foaming,\" Polymer Degradation and Stability, 98, n8, pp. 1439-1449, 2013.
  32. Sun, X. and Turng, L.-S., “Novel Injection Molding Foaming Approaches Using Gas-Laden Pellets with N2, CO2, And N2 + CO2 as the Blowing Agents,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 54, n4, pp. 899-913, 2014.
  33. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Han, J., Turng, L.-S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication of Highly Porous Interconnected Three-dimensional Scaffold with Micro-channels,” Chinese Journal of Polymer Science, 32, 6, pp. 1-7, 2014.
  34. Srithep, Y., Nealey, P., and Turng, L. S., “Effects of Annealing Time and Temperature on the Crystallinity, Heat Resistance Behavior, and Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Poly(lactic Acid) (PLA),” Polymer Engineering and Science, 53, n3, 580-588, 2013.
  35. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Jacques, B. R., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Characterization and Properties of Electrospun Thermoplastic Polyurethane Blend Fibers: Effect of Solution Rheological Properties on Fiber Formation,” invited review paper, Journal of Materials Research, 28, 17, pp. 2339-2350.Featured on journal cover page.
  36. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Salic, M. R., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., Crone, W. C., “Approach to Fabricating Thermoplastic Polyurethane Blends and Foams with Tunable Properties by Twin-Screw Extrusion and Microcellular Injection Molding,” Advances for Polymer Technologies, 33, n1, pp. 1-11, (DOI 10.1002/adv.21380), 2014.
  37. Wang, X. F., Zhao, H. B., Turng, L. S., Li, Q., “Crystalline Morphology of Electrospun Poly(-caprolactone) Nanofibers,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research,March, 52, 13, pp. 4939-4949, 2013.
  38. Zhao, H. B., Cui, Z., Wang, X. F., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “Processing and Characterization of Solid and Microcellular Poly (lactic acid)/Polyhydroxybutyrate-valerate (PLA/PHBV) Blends and PLA/PHBV/Clay Nanocomposites,” Composites Part B,51, pp. 79-91, 2013.
  39. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Peng, J., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “Influence and Prediction of Processing Parameters on Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Based on Orthogonal Array Test,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 49, 5, pp. 439-458, 2013.
  40. Mi, H. Y., Salick, M. R., Jing, X., Jacques, B., Turng, L.-S., Crone, W. C., Peng, X. F., “Characterization of Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Polylactic Acid (TPU/PLA) Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Fabricated by Microcellular Injection Molding,” Journal of Materials Science and Engineering C, 33, n8, pp. 4767-4776, 2013.
  41. Chen, J., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Zhao, L., Liu, T., and Yuan, W. K., “Investigation of Crystallization Behavior of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Polypropylene/Nano-Calcium Carbonate Composites Using Carbon Dioxide as a Blowing Agent,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 49, 5, pp. 459-475, 2013.
  42. Zhao, H. B., Cui, Z., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “The Morphology and Properties of Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactic Acid/Polyhydroxybutyrate-Valerate (PLA/PHBV) Blends,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research,52, 7, pp. 2569-2581, 2013.
  43. Xu, B., Liu, Y., Yu, H., and Turng, L. S., “Chaotic Mixing in a Single Screw Extruder with a Moving Internal Baffle,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 54, n1, pp. 198-207, 2014.
  44. Yu, E. and Turng, L. S., “Application of the Variational Asymptotic Method for Unit Cell Homogenization (VAMUCH) in the Prediction of Mechanical Properties for Microcellular Plastics,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 49, n4, pp. 301-315, 2013.
  45. Cui, Z., Peng, Y., Li, K., Peng, J., Pilla, S., Li, W-J., Turng, L-S., Shen, C., “A Study on the in-vitro Degradation Rate of Polyanhydride (Poly(sebacic acid), diacetoxy terminated, PSADT) for Potential Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering Scaffold Applications,” Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Materials Science Edition, 28, n4, pp. 793-797, 2013.
  46. Srithep, Y., Turng, L. S., Sabo, R., and Clemons, C., “Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Reinforced Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH) Nanocomposites: Properties, Solubility of Carbon Dioxide, and Foaming,” Cellulose, 19, n4, pp. 1209-1223, August, 2012.
  47. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Kaland, M., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “Morphology and Properties of Porous and Interconnected Poly(e-caprolactone) Matrices Using Solid and Microcellular Injection Molding,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 6, n3, pp. 259-268, June, 2012.
  48. Cui, Z., Nelson, B., Peng, Y., Li, K., Pilla, S., Li, W. J., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication and Characterization of Injection Molded Poly (ε-caprolactone) and Poly (ε-caprolactone)/Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: Part C, 32, 1674-1681, 2012.
  49. Peng, J., Srithep, Y., Wang, J., Yu, E., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Comparisons of Microcellular Polylactic Acid (PLA) Parts Injection Molded with Supercritical Nitrogen and Expandable Thermoplastic Microspheres: Surface Roughness, Tensile Properties, and Morphology,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 48, n5, pp. 433-444, 2012.
  50. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Clemons, C. C., Turng, L. S.; Gong, S., “Processing of PHBV-Based Bionanocomposite Foams Using Supercritical Fluids,” DOI: 10.1557/ jmr.2012.74, Journal of Materials Research, 27, n11, pp.1506-1517, 2012.
  51. Peng, J., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “A New Microcellular Injection Molding Process for Polycarbonate (PC) Using Water as the Physical Blowing Agent,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 52, n7, pp. 1464-1473, 2012.
  52. Hsu, C. L., Turng, L. S., Osswald, T. A., Rudolph, N., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “Effects of Pressure and Supercritical Fluid on Melt Viscosity of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) in Conventional and Microcellular Injection Molding,” DOI: 10.3139/217.2493, International Polymer Processing, 27, n1, pp. 18-24, 2012.
  53. Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Based Supercritical Fluid Dosage Control for Microcellular Injection Molding,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 31, n1, pp. 7-19, 2012.
  54. Li, K., Cui, Z., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Huang, H. X., “Effects of Nanoclay on the Morphology and Physical Properties of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Polyactide/Poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PLA/PBAT) Nanocomposites and Blends,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 5, n4, pp. 442-451, 2011.
  55. Peng, Y., Turng, L. S., Cui, Z., Woodson, R. D., Li, H., and Wang, X., “Viscoelastic Properties of Blood Studied through Piezoresistance Measurements,” Biorheology, 48, n3, pp. 161-172, 2011.
  56. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., Gorton, P., “Novel Foam Injection Molding Technology Using CO2-Laden Pellets,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, n11, pp. 2295-2303, 2011.
  57. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Pilla, S., Clemons, C. M., Gong, S,, Turng, L. S., “Microcellular Poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)-Hyperbranched Polymer–Nanoclay Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, n9, pp. 1815-1826, 2011.
  58. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “A Novel Method for Improving the Surface Quality of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts,” Polymer, 52, n6, pp. 1436-1446, 2011.
  59. Peng, Y. Y., Cui, Z. and Turng, L. S., “A Study of the Relationship between the Rheo-dielectric Effect and the Elasticity of Viscoelastic Materials,” Journal of Rheology, 55, n2, pp.301-312, 2011.
  60. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Li, K., and Huang, H. X., “Fracture Behavior and Optical Properties of Melt Compounded Semi-Transparent Polycarbonate (PC)/Alumina Nanocomposites,” Composites Part A, 42, pp. 1903-1909, 2011.
  61. DeCicco, M., Turng, L. S., Li, X., and Perepezko, J., “Nucleation Catalysis in Aluminum Alloy A356 Using Nanoscale Inoculants,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 42A, pp. 2323-2330, 2011.
  62. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Peng, J., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “The Effect of Polymer Additives on Surface Quality of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts,” International Polymer Processing, 26, n4, pp. 429-436, 2011.
  63. Li, K., Peng, J., Turng, L. S., and Huang, H. X., “Dynamic Rheological Behavior and Morphology of Polylactide (PLA)/Poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) Blends with Various Composition Ratios,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 30, n2, pp. 150-157, 2011.
  64. Peng, J., Yu, E., Sun, S., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F., “Study of Microcellular Injection Molding with Expandable Thermoplastic Microsphere,” International Polymer Processing, 26, n3, pp. 249-255, 2011.
  65. De Cicco, M. P., Perepezko, J. H., Turng, L. S., Li, X., “Nucleation Catalysis Potency of Ceramic Nanopartilces in Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites,”Materials Fabrication, Properties, Characterization, and Modeling, V. 2, pp. 737-744, 2011.
  66. Srithep, Y., Javadi, A., Pilla, S., Clemons, C., Peng, J., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Processing and Characterization of Recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) Blends with Chain Extenders (CE), Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE), and/or Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT),” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, n6, pp. 1023-1032, 2011.
  67. Peng, J., Li, K., Cui, Z., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Comparisons of Microcellular PHBV/PBAT Parts Injection Molded with Supercritical Nitrogen and Expandable Thermoplastic Microspheres: Surface Roughness, Tensile Properties, and Morphology,” Cellular Polymers, 29, n6, pp. 327-342, 2010.
  68. Lee, J., Kramschuster, A. and Turng, L. S., “Microcellular Foaming of LDPE-based Composites,” Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 49, n13, pp. 1339-1346, 2010.
  69. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Lee, J., Pilla, S., Clemons, C., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Processing and Characterization of Microcellular PHBV/PBAT blends and its Recycled Wood Fiber/Nanoclay Composites,” Composites Part A, 41, n8, pp. 982-990, 2010.
  70. Javadi, A., Srithep, Y., Pilla, S., Lee, J., Gong, S. and Turng, L. S. \"Processing and Characterization of Solid and Microcellular PHBV/Coir Fiber Composites,\" Materials Science and Engineering C, 30, n5, pp. 749-757, 2010.
  71. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Lee, J., Clemons, C., Gong, S., and Turng, L-S., \"Microcellular Processing of Polylactide-Hyperbranched Polyester-Nanoclay Composites,\" Journal of Materials Science, 45, pp. 2732-2746, 2010.
  72. Zhou, Y., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C. Y., “Morphological Evolution and Orientation Development of Stretched iPP Films: Influence of Draw Ratio,” Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, 48, n11, pp. 1223-1234, 2010.
  73. Lee, J. and Turng, L. S., “Improving Surface Quality of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts through Mold Surface Temperature Manipulation with Thin Film Insulation,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n7, pp. 1281-1289, 2010.
  74. Zhou, Y., Turng, L. S., Shen, C. Y., Peng, J., Chen, J. B., and Zhang, X. L., “Modeling and Prediction of Morphology and Crystallinity for Cylindrical-Shaped Crystals during Polymer Processing,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n6, pp. 1226-1235, 2010.
  75. Peng, Y., Li, H., and Turng, L. S., “Development of the Rheo-Dielectric Sensor toward On-line Shear Stress Measurement during the Injection Molding Process,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n1, pp. 61-68, 2010.
  76. Kramschuster, A. and Turng, L. S., “An Injection Molding Process for Manufacturing Highly Porous and Interconnected Biodegradable Polymer Matrices for Use as Tissue Engineering Scaffolds,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B - Applied Biomaterials, 92, n2, pp. 366-376, 2010.
  77. Zhou, Y. G., Shen, C. Y., Turng, L. S., Liu, C. T, and Li, Q., “Computational Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Flow-Induced Crystallization Kinetics During Injection Molding of Polyethylene Terephthalate,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 29, n1, pp. 76-86, 2010.
  78. Javadi, A., Kramschuster, A., Pilla, S., Lee, J., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Processing and Characterization of Microcellular PHBV/PBAT Blends,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 50, n7, pp. 1440-1448, 2010.
  79. De Cicco, M., Li, X., and Turng, L. S., “Semi-Solid Casting (SSC) of Zinc Alloy Nanocomposites,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209, pp. 5881-5885, 2009.
  80. De Cicco, M., Konishi, H., Cao, G., Choi, H., Turng, L. S., Perepezko, J., Kou, S., Lakes, R., and Li, X., “Strong, Ductile Magnesium-Zinc Nanocomposites,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A., 40A, pp. 3038-3045, 2009.
  81. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Yang, L., Gong, S., Chandra, A., and Turng, L-S., \"Microcellular Injection-Molding of Polylactide with Chain-Extender,\" Materials Science and Engineering: C, 29 (4), pp. 1258-1265, 2009.
  82. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Lee, J., Auer, G. K., Gong, S., and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular and Solid Polylactide-Flax Fiber Composites,” Composite Interfaces, 16, n7-9, pp. 869-890, 2009.
  83. Martinez, K., Li, H., Turng, L. S., Kramschuster, A., and Lee, J., “Effects of Nucleating and Clarifying Agents on the Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Polypropylene Parts,” International Journal of Polymers and Technologies, 1, n1, pp. 57-66, 2009.
  84. Gao, Y., Turng, L. S., Wang, X., “Process Optimization and Effects of Material Properties on Numerical Prediction of Warpage for Injection Molding,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 27, n4, pp. 199-216, 2008.
  85. Gao, Y., Turng, L. S., Wang, X., “Adaptive Geometry and Process Optimization for Injection Molding Using the Kriging Surrogate Model Trained by Numerical Simulation,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 27, n1, 1-16, 2008.
  86. DeCicco, M., Turng, L. S., Li, X., Perepezko, J. H., “Production of Semi-Solid Slurry through Heterogeneous Nucleation in Metal Matrix Nanocomposites Using Nano-scale Ultrasonically Dispersed Inoculants,” Solid State Phenomena, 141-143, pp. 487-492, 2008.
  87. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Gopalan, P., Rowell, R. M., and Gong, S., “Study of Utilizing Thin Polymer Surface Coating on the Nanoparticles for Melt Compounding of Polycarbonate/Alumina Nanocomposites and Their Optical Properties,” Composites Science and Technology, 68, pp. 768-776, 2008.
  88. Kramschuster, A., Pilla, S., Gong, S., Chandra, A., and Turng, L. S., “Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactide Compounded with Recycled Paper Shopping Bag Fibers,” invited paper for a special issue of International Polymer Processing, 22, n5, pp.436-445, 2007.
  89. Pilla, S., Kramschuster, A., Gong, S., Chandra, A., and Turng, L. S., “Solid and Microcellular Polylactide-Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites,” invited paper for a special issue of International Polymer Processing, 22, n5, pp.418-428, 2007.
  90. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Adaptive Multi-Objective Optimization of Process Conditions for Injection Molding Using Gaussian Process Approach,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 26, n2, pp. 71-85, 2007.
  91. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Gopalan, P., Rowell, R. M., and Gong, S., “Semitransparent Poly(styrene-r-maleic anhydride)/Alumina Nanocomposites for Optical Applications,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 105, n5, pp. 2728-2736, 2007.
  92. Chen, Z. B. and Turng, L. S., “Injection Molding Quality Control by Integrating Weight Feedback into a Cascade Closed-Loop Control System,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, n6, pp. 852-862, 2007.
  93. Yuan, M., Song, Q. and Turng, L. S., “Spatial Orientation of Nanoclay and Crystallite in Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, n6, pp. 765-779, 2007.
  94. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Process Optimization of Injection Molding Using an Adaptive Surrogate Model with Gaussian Process Approach,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 47, n5, pp. 684-694, 2007.
  95. Kramschuster, A., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., Li, T., and Li, T. “Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactide and Polylactide Nanocomposites,” Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, 1, n1, pp. 37-45, 2007.
  96. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Gong, S., Hall, D. C., Caulfield, D. F., and Yang, H. “Study of Polystyrene/Titanium Dioxide Nanocomposites via Melt Compounding for Optical Applications,” Polymer Composites, 28, n2, pp. 241-250, 2007.
  97. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Injection Molding Filling with Finite Volume Method and Parallel Computing,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 25, n4, pp. 247-258, 2007. (One of the 10 most-cited articles in Advances in Polymer Technology from 2007 to 2008. The data have been compiled from Thomson ISI Web of Science®.)
  98. Kramschuster, A., Cavitt, R., Ermer, D., Chen, Z. B., and Turng, L. S., “Effect of Processing Conditions on Shrinkage and Warpage and Morphology of Injection Molded Parts Using Microcellular Injection Molding,” Plastics, Rubber and Composites: Macromolecular Engineering, 35, n5, pp. 198-209, 2006.
  99. DeCicco, M., Turng, L. S., Li, X., and Perepezko, J., “Semi-Solid Casting of Metal Matrix Nanocomposites,” Journal of Solid State Phenomena, 116-117, pp. 478-483, 2006.
  100. Zhou, J. and Turng, L. S., “Single and Multi Objective Optimization for Injection Molding Using Numerical Simulation with Surrogate Models and Genetic Algorithms,” International Polymer Processing, 21, n5, pp. 509-520, 2006.
  101. Li, G., Li, H., Turng, L. S., Gong, S., and C. Zheng, “Measurement of Gas Solubility and Diffusivity in Polylactide,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, 246, n1-2, pp. 158-166, 2006.
  102. Yuan, M. and Turng, L. S., “Studies of Microcellular Nanocomposites with Supercritical Fluid Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Plastics, Rubber and Composites: Macromolecular Engineering, 35, n3, pp. 129-138, 2006.
  103. Li, T., Turng, L. S., and Gong, S., “Polylactide, Nanoclay, and Core-shell Rubber Composites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n10, pp. 1419-1427, 2006.
  104. Kim, S. and Turng, L. S. “Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Injection Molding Filling of Optical Lens and Multi-scale Geometry Using Finite Element Method,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n9, pp. 1263-1274, 2006.
  105. Shen, C., Kramschuster, A., Ermer, D., and Turng, L. S. “Study of Shrinkage and Warpage in Microcellular Co-Injection Molding,” International Polymer Processing, 21, n4, pp. 393-401. 2006.
  106. Chen, Z. B., Turng, L. S., and Wang, K. K., “Adaptive Online Quality Control for Injection Molding by Monitoring and Controlling Mold Separation,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n5, pp. 569-580, May 2006.
  107. Kramschuster, A., Cavitt, R., Shen, C., Ermer, D., and Turng, L. S., “Quantitative Study of the Dimensional Stability of Injection Molded Parts Using Conventional and Microcellular Injection Molding and Microcellular Co-Injection Molding,” Journal of Plastics Technology, a reviewed Internet periodical published under the auspices of the “Scientific Alliance of Polymer Technology (WAK),” WAK Kunststofftechnik, 01/2006.
  108. Chen, Z. B., Giacomin, A. J., and Turng, L. S., “Flash,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n3, pp. 241-247, 2006.
  109. Yuan, M., Turng, L. S., and D. Caulfield, “Crystallization and Thermal Behavior of Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 46, n7, pp. 904-918, 2006.
  110. Yuan, M. and Turng, L. S., “Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer, 46, pp. 7273-7292, 2005.
  111. Hackl, C., Tang, H. Y., Lorenz, R. D., Turng, L. S., and Schröder, D., “A Multi-Domain Model of Planar Electro-Active Polymer Actuators,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 41, n5, pp. 1142-1148, 2005.
  112. Kramschuster, A., Cavitt, R., Ermer, D., Chen, Z. B., Turng, L. S., “Quantitative Study of Shrinkage and Warpage Behavior for Microcellular and Conventional Injection Molding,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, n10, pp. 1408-1418, 2005.
  113. Gong, S., Yuan, M., Chandra, A., Kharbas, H., Osorio, A. and Turng, L. S., “Microcellular Injection Molding,” International Polymer Processing, 20, n2, pp. 202-214, 2005.
  114. Chen Z. B. and Turng, L. S., “Current Developments of Injection Molding Process and Quality Control,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 24, n3, pp.165-182, 2005.
  115. Yuan, M., Winardi, A., Gong, S., and Turng, L. S., “Effects of Nano and Micro Fillers and Processing Parameters on Injection Molded Microcellular Composites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, n6, pp. 773-788, 2005.
  116. Chandra, A., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., Gramann, P., and Cordes, H. “Microstructure and Crystallography in Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposite and Neat Resin,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, n1, pp. 52-61, 2005.
  117. Osorio, A. and Turng, L. S., “Mathematical Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Cell Growth in Injection Molding of Microcellular Plastics,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 44, n12, pp. 2274-2287, 2004.
  118. Chandra, A., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., “Cell Development in Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide-6 Nanocomposite and Neat Resin,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 40, n5, pp. 371-382, 2004.
  119. Winardi, A., Yuan, M., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., “Core-Shell Rubber Modified Microcellular Polyamide-6 Composite,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 40, n5, pp. 383-396, 2004.
  120. Yuan, M., Turng, L. S., Gong, S., Winardi, A., and Caulfield, D., “Crystallization Behavior of Polyamide-6 Microcellular Nanocomposite,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 40, n5, pp. 397-410, 2004.
  121. Gopalakrishna, V., Bhaghavatula, A., and Turng, L. S., “A Web-based Knowledge Management System (KMS),” Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 2, n1, 2004 (http://www.iiisci.org/Journal/SCI/Abstract.asp?var=&id=P915105).
  122. Turng, L. S. and Kharbas, H. “Development of a Hybrid Solid-Microcellular Co-Injection Molding Process,” International Polymer Processing, 19, n1, pp. 77-86, 2004.
  123. Yuan, M., Turng, L. S., Caulfield, D., Hunt, C., and Spindler, R., “Study of Injection Molded Microcellular Polyamide-6 Nanocomposites,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 44, n4, pp. 673-686, 2004.
  124. Kim, S. and Turng, L. S., “Developments of Three-Dimensional Computer-aided Engineering (CAE) Simulation for Injection Molding,” Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 12, pp. S151-173, 2004.
  125. Kharbas, H., Nelson, P., Yuan, M., Gong, S., Turng, L. S., and Spindler, R., “Effects of Nano-fillers and Process Conditions on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Polyamide Nanocomposites,” Polymer Composites, 24, n6, pp. 655-671, 2003.
  126. Turng, L. S. and Kharbas, H., “Effect of Process Conditions on the Weld-line Strength and Microstructure of Microcellular Injection Molded Parts,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 43, n1, pp. 157-168, 2003.
  127. Turng, L. S. and Peic, M., “Computer-aided Process and Design Optimization for Injection Molding,” Journal of Engineering Manufacture, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B, 216, nB12, pp. 1523-1532, 2002.
  128. Turng, L. S., Peic, M., and Bradley, D. K., “Process Simulation and Optimization for Injection Molding - Experimental Verifications and Field Applications,” Journal of Injection Molding Technology, 6, n2, pp. 143-155, 2002.
  129. Turng, L. S., “Special and Emerging Injection Molding Processes,” Journal of Injection Molding Technology, 5, n3, pp. 160-179, 2001.
  130. Nie, Y. Y., Turng, L. S., and Wang, K. K., “Structural Analysis for Gas-Assisted Injection-Molded Parts,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 16, n3, pp. 159-173, 1997.
  131. Turng, L. S., “Development and Application of CAE Technology for the Gas-Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 14, n1, pp. 1-13, 1995.
  132. Turng, L. S., “New Developments in CAE Technology for the Gas-Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Engineering Plastics, 8, pp. 171-185, 1995.
  133. Himasekhar, K., Turng, L. S., Wang, V. W., Chiang, H. H., and Wang, K. K., “Current Trends in CAE: Simulations of Latest Innovations in Injection Molding,” Advances in Polymer Technology, 12, n3, pp. 233-241, 1993.
  134. Turng, L. S. and Wang, V. W., “On the Simulation of Microelectronic Encapsulation with Epoxy Molding Compound,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 12, pp. 506-519, 1993.
  135. Turng, L. S., Wang, V. W., and Wang, K. K., “Numerical Simulation of the Coinjection Molding Process,” Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 115, pp. 48-53, 1993.
  136. Turng, L. S. and Wang, K. K., “Rheological Behaviour and Modelling of Semi-Solid Sn-15%Pb Alloy,” Journal of Materials Science, 26, pp. 2173-2183, 1991.
  137. Turng, L. S. and Wang, K. K., “A Computer-Aided Cooling-Line Design System for Injection Molds,” Journal of Engineering for Industry, 112, pp. 161-167, 1990.
  138. Turng, L. S. and Chiang, W., “New Developments of CAE Technology for Gas-Assisted Injection Molding,” CAD and Automation, 6, pp. 62-72, 1993 (in Chinese).
  139. Li, D., Turng, L. S., and Wang, K. K., “Development and Application of Numerical Cooling Analysis System for Injection Molds,” Die and Mould Technology, 4, pp.1-7, 1988 (in Chinese).
  140. Turng, L. S. and DeAugistine, D., “A Web-based Knowledge Management System for the Injection Molding Process,” Plastics Engineering, pp. 47-50, December 1999.
  141. Turng, L. S., Chiang, H. H., and Stevenson, J. F., “Optimization Molding at Low Injection Pressure,” Plastics Engineering, pp. 33-36, October 1995.
  142. Turng, L. S., “Computer-Aided-Engineering for Gas-Assisted Injection Molding,” Plastics Engineering, pp. 27-30, September 1993.

 

Theses for Ph.D. and M.S. Degrees

  1. Rheological Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Semi-Solid Sn-15%Pb Alloy for Net-Shape Die Casting Process, Ph.D. thesis, Cornell University, January 1990.
  2. Application of the Boundary Element Method to the Cooling-Line Design for Injection Molding Process, M.S. thesis, Cornell University, January 1987.

 

Monographs or Authored Books

  1. Turng, L. S., Getting Ahead with C-MOLD 2000, 96 pp., C-MOLD, Ithaca, New York, 2000.
  2. Turng, L. S., C-Mold Design Guide – A Resource for Plastics Engineers, 3rd ed., 336 pp., C‑MOLD, Ithaca, New York, 1998. Also published in Chinese and Japanese.
  3. Turng, L. S., C-Mold Design Guide – A Resource for Plastics Engineers, 2nd ed., C‑MOLD, Ithaca, New York, 1996.  Also published in Chinese and Japanese.
  4. Turng, L. S., C-Mold Design Guide – A Resource for Plastics Engineers, 216 pp., C‑MOLD, Ithaca, New York, 1994.

 

Edited Journals

  1. Chen, S. C., L. J. Lee, and Turng, L. S., eds., International Polymer Processing, Special Issue of 2010 International Symposium on Advanced Molding Technology and Materials Processing Conference, Carl Hanser Verlag, in press, 2011-2012.
  2. Titomanlio, G., Turng, L. S., Ito, H., and Vincent, M. eds., International Polymer Processing Special Issue on “Injection Molding and Molds,” 26, n3, 238 pp., 2011.
  3. Chen, S. C., L. J. Lee, and Turng, L. S., eds., Advances in Polymer Technology, Special Issue of Advanced Molding and Materials Processing Symposium of SAMT, 27, n4, Wiley InterScience, 2008.

 

Edited Books

  1. Osswald, T. A., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., eds., Injection Molding Handbook, 2nd ed., Hanser Publishers, 2007.
  2. Osswald, T. A., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., eds., Injection Molding Handbook, 748 pp., Hanser Publishers, 2001.
  3. Osswald, T. A., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., eds., Injection Molding Handbook, Chinese version, Hanser Publishers, 2005.
  4. Osswald, T. A., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., eds., Injection Molding Handbook, Russian version, Hanser Publishers, 2006.

 

Book Chapters

  1. Zhao, P., Gao, Y., Zhou, H., and Turng, L. S., “Chapter 9: Non-iterative Optimization Methods,” Computer Modeling for Injection Molding: Simulation, Optimization and Control, Zhou, H., ed., pp. 255-282, John Wiley and sons, Inc., 2013
  2. Gao, Y., Zhao, P., Turng, L. S., and Zhou, H., “Chapter 10: Intelligent Optimization Algorithms,” Computer Modeling for Injection Molding: Simulation, Optimization and Control, Zhou, H., ed., pp. 283-292, John Wiley and sons, Inc., 2013.
  3. Gao, Y., Turng, L. S., Zhao, P., and Zhou, H., “Chapter 11: Optimization Methods Based on Surrogate Models,” Computer Modeling for Injection Molding: Simulation, Optimization and Control, Zhou, H., ed., pp. 293-312, John Wiley and sons, Inc., 2013.
  4. Javadi, A., Pilla, S., Gong, S. and Turng, L. S., “Chapter 14: Biobased and Biodegradable PHBV-Based Polymer Blends and Biocomposites: Properties and Applications,” Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications, Pilla, S. ed., pp. 372-396, Wiley-Scrivener Publishers, 2011.
  5. Pilla, S., Gong, S. and Turng, L. S., “Polylactide-based Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites,” Chapter 9, Polymer Nanotube Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Mittal, V. ed., pp. 251-282, Scrivener Publishing, in press, 2010.
  6. Gong, S., Turng, L. S., Park, C., and Liao, L., “Microcellular Polymer Nanocomposites for Packaging Applications and other Applications,” Chapter 6, Packaging Nanotechnology, Mohanty, A. and Nalwa, H. S., ed., pp. 144-166, American Scientific Publishers, 2008.
  7. Turng, L. S., “Special Injection Molding Processes,” Chapter 9, in Injection Molding Handbook, Osswald, T. A., Turng, L. S., and Gramann, P., eds., Hanser Publishers, 2001, 2007.
  8. Turng, L. S., “Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) for the Gas-Assisted Injection Molding Process,” Chapter 2, Innovation in Polymer Process: Molding, ed. Stevenson, J. F., Hanser Publishers, 1996.

 

Conference Proceedings Edited

  1. Turng, L. S., Wang, H. P., Ramani, K., and Benard, A., eds., CAE and Related Innovations for Polymer Processing, 341 pp., MD-Vol. 90, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2000.
  2. Wang, H. P., Turng, L. S., and Marchal, J., eds., CAE and Intelligent Processing of Polymeric Materials, 416 pp., MD-Vol. 79, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 1997.

 

Encyclopedia Articles

  1. Kramschuster, A. and Turng, L. S., “Fabrication of Tissue Engineering Scaffolds,” Plastics Engineering Encyclopedia, in preparation, Elsevier Publisher.
  2. Turng, L. S. and Goodman, S. H., “Plastics Processing,” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, McGraw-Hill, 2006.
  3. Wang, K. K. and Turng, L. S., “Polymer Injection Moulding: C-MOLD,” Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, Buschow, K. H. J., Cahn, R. W., Flemings, M. C., Ilschner, B., Kramer, E. J., and Mahajan, S. eds., Elsevier Science, pp. 7361-7364, 2001.

 

Refereed Conference Papers and Presentations

  1. Sun, X.F., Kharbas, H., Peng, J., Turng, L.-S., “A Novel Method to Produce Lighweight Microcellular Injection Molded Parts with Improved Ductility,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  2. Wang, X.F., Wang X.D., Zhao, N., Jiang, J., Liu, F.F., Li, Q., Turng, L.-S., “An Interconnected Porous Poly(ε-Caprolactone) Structure Fabricated by Micro-cellular Injection Molding Combined with Chemical Foaming and Particulate Leaching,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  3. Sun, X.F., Kharbas, H., Turng, L.-S., “Enhancing Cell Nucleation for A Novel Microcellular Injection Molding Process Using Gas-Laden-Pellets,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  4. Peng, J., Sun, X.F., Srithep, Y., Peng, X.F., Turng, L.-S., “Vapor-Foamed Injection Molding of Polycarbonate Using Sodium Chloride and Active Carbon as Nucleating Agents,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  5. Peng, J., Clemons, C., Sabo, R., Ellingham, T. Turng, L.-S., “Short Cellulose Nanofibril/Polyvinyl Alcohol Nanocomposite Fibers,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  6. Mi, H.-Y., Jing, X., Salick, M.R., Turng, L.-S., Peng, X.-F., “Thermoplastic Polyurethane(TPU)/Hydroxyapatite(HA) Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Application,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  7. Zhang, C.M., Dan, Y., Turng, L.-S., “Reinforced Poly(lactic acid) Electrospun Composite Nanofibers with Poly(ethylene glycol) Grafted Cellulose Nanocrystals,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  8. Jing, X., Mi, H.-Y., Salick, M.R., Turng, L.-S., Peng, X.-F., “Fabrication of Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Graphene Oxide Composite Scaffolds by Thermally Induced Phase Separation,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  9. Wang, X.C., Wang, L.X., Turng, L.-S., “A Study of the Interaction of Scale Effect and Machine Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of Micro-Injection-Molded Micro-Parts,” 2014 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 28–30, 2014, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
  10. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Microcellular Injection Molding and Particulate Leaching of Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Scaffolds,” Paper No. S08-640, Polymer Processing Society Annual Meeting (PPS-29), Nuremberg, Germany, July 15-19, 2013.
  11. Yu, E. and Turng, L.-S., “Prediction of Mechanical Properties of Microcellular Plastics Using The Variational Asymptotic Method for Unit Cell Homogenization (VAMUCH) Method,” Paper No. MSEC2013-1254, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC2013,June 10-14, 2013, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  12. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Study of Biobased Shape Memory Polylactic Acid/Thermoplastic Polyurethane (PLA/TPU) Blends,” Paper No. MSEC2013-1237, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC2013,June 10-14, 2013, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  13. Mi, H. Y., Jing, X., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Microcellular Injection Molding of Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Scaffolds Using Carbon Dioxide and Water as Co-Blowing Agents,” Paper No. MSEC2013-1154, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC2013,June 10-14, 2013, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  14. Sun, X., Turng, L.-S., Gorton, P. J., Nigam, P., and Buell, S., “Microcellular Injection Molding of Gas-Laden Pellets Using Nitrogen (N2) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) as Co-Blowing Agents,” Paper No. MSEC2013-1158, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC2013,June 10-14, 2013, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  15. Pilla, S. and Turng, L.-S., “Biobased and Biodegradable Ternary Blends: Investigation of Properties via Experimental and Theoretical Routes,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  16. Peng, J., Srithep, Y., Sabo, R., Pilla, S., Peng, X. F., Turng, L.-S., and Clemons, C., “Fabrication and Characterization of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)/Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Filaments,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  17. Srithep, Y., Turng, L.-S., Ellingham, T., Sabo, R., and Clemons, C., “Melt Compounding of Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV)/ Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nanocomposites: Properties and Solubility of Carbon Dioxide,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  18. Chen, J., Turng, L.-S., Liu, T., Zhao, L., and Yuan, W.-K., “The Crystallization Behavior of Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Polypropylene and Its Calcium Carbonate Composites Using Carbon Dioxide as A Physical Blowing Agent,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  19. Jing, X., Mi, H. Y., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Injection Molding of Novel Polyactic Acid/Thermoplastic Polyurethane (PLA/TPU) Blends with Shape-Memory Behavior,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  20. Wang, X., Han, J., Sha, J., Peng, Y., Wang, X., Yuan, H., Shen, C., and Turng, L.-S., “Preparation and Characterization of Noncovalently Functionalized Graphene and its Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) (PVA) Nanocomposites,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  21. Mi, H., Jing, X., Jacques, B., Turng, L.-S., Peng, X. F., “Thermoplastic Polyurethane/Polylactic Acid Tissue Scaffold Fabricated by Twin Screw Extrusion and Microcellular Injection Molding,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  22. Wang, X., Han, W., Salick, M. R., Wang, X., Cui, Z., Peng, Y., Han, J., Turng, L.-S., and Li, Q., “A Nanoscaled Three Dimensional Structure Created By Using Electrospun Poly(ε-Caprolactone) (PCL) Nanofibers and Induced PCL Crystallization,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  23. Mi, H., Jing, X., Turng, L.-S., and Peng, X. F., “Approach to Fabricating Thermoplastic Polyurethane Blends and Foams with Tunable Properties,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  24. Xi, Z., Zhang, F., Liu, T., Zhao, L., and Turng, L.-S., “Microcellular Injection Molding of In-Situ Modified Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) with Supercritical Nitrogen,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  25. Liu, Y., Pan, X., Liu, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “The Effect of a Vibration Force Field on the Crystallization and Barrier Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  26. Wang, X., Jiang, J., Sha, J., Zhao, H., Han, J., Turng, L.-S., Li, Q., “Crystallographic Analysis of Electrospun Poly(ε-caprolactone) Nanofibers by 2-D Wide-angle X-ray Diffraction (2D WXRD),” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  27. Zhang, C., Dan, Y., and Turng, L.-S., “Toughening of Polylactide with Pre-heat Treated Natural Rubber,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  28. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Kaland, M., Turng, L.-S., and Shen, C., “Study of Morphology on Microcellular Injection Molded Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering,” 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 21-24, 2013, Cincinnati, OH.
  29. Srithep, Y., Sabo, R., Clemons, C., Turng, L. S., Pilla, S., andPeng, J., “Effect of Material Parameters on Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Polymers/ Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC) Nanocomposites,” Polymer Processing Society Annual Meeting (PPS-28), Pattaya, Thailand, December 11-15, 2012.
  30. Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Gorton, P. J., Nigam, P., and Buell S., “Microcellular Injection Molding with Gas Laden Pellets: Effects of Co-Blowing Agents on Microstructure,” Polymer Processing Society Annual Meeting (PPS-28), Pattaya, Thailand, December 11-15, 2012.
  31. Cui, Z., Zhao, H., Peng, Y., Wang, X., Han, J., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “Fabrication of Highly Tubular Porous Chitosan/Poly (DL Lactic-CO-Glycolic Acid) (PLGA) Nanocomposite Structures Intended for Tissue Engineering Scaffold Applications,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  32. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E. P., and Gorton, P. J., “Study of Producing Microcellular Injection Molded Parts with Improved Surface Quality,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  33. Lee, J., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P. J., “A Novel Foam Injection Molding Process Using Gas-Laden Pellets,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  34. Peng, J., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Improving Surface Quality of Foamed Polycarbonate (PC) Parts Using Water as the Physical Blowing Agent ,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  35. Srithep, Y., Nealey, P., and Turng, L. S., “Effects of Annealing Time and Temperature on the Crystallinity and Dynamic Mechanical Behavior of Injection Molded Polylactic Acid (PLA) ,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  36. Srithep, Y., Turng, L. S., Sabo, R., and Clemons, C., “Nanofibrillated Cellulose Reinforced Polyvinyl Alcohol: Properties and Solubility of Carbon Dioxide,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  37. Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Gorton, P. J., Dougherty, E. P., “Supercritical Fluid Dosage Control Using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Microcellular Injection Molding,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  38. Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Gorton, P. J., Nigam, P. Buell, S., and Dougherty, E. P., “Investigation of Supercritical Fluid-Laden Pellet Injection Molding Foaming Technology (SIFT),” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  39. Yu, E., Turng, L. S., Gorton, P. J., Nigam, P., and Buell, S., “Processing Window for Swirl-Free Microcellular Injection Molded Polyethylene (LDPE) and Polypropylene (PP) Parts Using Supercritical Nitrogen (N2) as a Blowing Agent,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  40. Zhao, H., Cui, Z., Sun, X., and Turng, L. S., “Thermal and Thermomechanical Behavior of Injection Molded Solid and Microcellular Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Polyhydroxybutyrate-valerate (PHBV) Blends,” 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, Apr. 1-5, 2012, Orlando, FL.
  41. Sun, X., Turng, L. S., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “Control of Supercritical Fluid Dosage for Microcellular Injection Molding Using Neural Network Predictive Model,” Sept. 21-23, Capri, Italy, Biofoams 2011.
  42. Zhao, H. B., Cui, Z., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Effects of Gas and D-Lactic Acid Contents on the Structure and Properties of Microcellular Injection Molded Poly (Lactic Acid),” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  43. Chandra, A., Turng, L. S., Li, K., and Huang, H. X., “Fracture Behavior and Optical Properties of Melt Compounded Semi-Transparent Polycarbonate (PC)/Alumina Nanocomposites,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  44. Yu, E., Peng, J., and Turng, L. S., “Application of Variational Asymptotical Method for Unit Cell Homogenization (VAMUCH) in Prediction of Mechanical Properties for Microcellular Plastics,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  45. Cui, Z., Peng, Y., Turng, L. S., Shen, C., and Li, W. J., “The Study on Degradation Rate of Polyanhydride (Poly(sebacic acid), diacetoxy terminated, PSADT) for Potential Drug Delivery and Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Applications,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  46. Cui, Z., Peng, Y., Li, K., Turng, L. S., and Shen, C., “Analysis of Morphology on Injection Molded Poly (Ε-Caprolactone) Tissue Scaffolds,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  47. Hsu, C. L., Turng, L. S., Osswald, T. A., Rudolph, N., Dougherty, E., and Gorton, P., “Effects of Pressure and Supercritical Fluid on Melt Viscosity of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) in Conventional and Microcellular Injection Molding,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  48. Li, K., Peng, J., Sun, X., Turng, L. S., and Huang, H. X., “Study of Injection Molded Microcellular Polylactide (PLA)/Poly(butylenes adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) Blends with Various Composition Ratios,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  49. Srithep, Y. and Turng, L. S., “Solid and Microcellular Recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) Blends with Chain Extenders (CE) and Nanoclay,” 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 1-5, 2011, Boston, MA.
  50. De Cicco1, M. P., Turng, L. S., Li, X., Perepezko, J. H., “Nucleation Catalysis Potency oOf Ceramic Nanoparitlces in Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites,”TMS 2011 Annual Meeting & Exhibition, San Diego, CA, February 27 - March 3, 2011.
  51. Hsu, C. L. and Turng, L. S., “Rheological Measurement of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) and LDPE/Nitrogen with a Slit-Die Rheometer and the Use of Numerical Simulation to Study the Effects of Pressure and Supercritical Fluid on Melt Viscosity,” 2010 International Symposium on Advanced Molding Technology and Materials Processing, Wuhan, China, September 11-12, 2010.
  52. Peng, J., Wang, J., Srithep, Y., Ahmad, M., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Study of Injection Molding with Expandable Thermoplastic Microspheres,” Polymer Processing Society Annual Meeting (PPS-26), Banff, Canada, July 4-8, 2010.
  53. Peng, Y. Y., Cui, Z. and Turng, L. S., “Characterizing the Elasticity of Viscoelastic Materials Based on Rheo-Dielectric Effect,” 2010 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 16-20, 2010, Orlando, FL.
  54. Peng, J., Peng, Y. Y., Turng, L. S., Peng, X. F. and Sun, X., “Characterizing Co-Continuous Morphology Development in Miscible Polylactic Acid/Polyvinyl Alcohol Biodegradable Blends,” 2010 Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Proceedings, May 16-20, 2010, Orlando, FL.
  55. Peng, J., Peng, Y. Y., Turng, L. S., and Peng, X. F., “Solid and Microcellular Injection Molded Polylactic acid/Polyvinyl Alcohol (PLA/PVA) Biodegradable Blends: Morphology and Property Characterization,” GPEC 2010 Conference, March 8-10, 2010, O

Courses

Fall 2014-2015

  • ME 999 - Advanced Independent Study
  • ME 990 - Dissertator Research and Thesis
  • ME 890 - PhD Research and Thesis
  • ME 790 - Master\'s Research and Thesis
  • ME 699 - Advanced Independent Study
  • ME 491 - Mechanical Engineering Projects I
  • Secondary Contact

    4112
    Wisconsin Institute for Discovery
    330 N. Orchard Street
    Madison, WI 53706

    Alt Ph: (608) 316-4310
    Alt Email: turng@engr.wisc.edu

    Profile Summary

    Professor Turng is recognized for his research into the science and engineering of polymer injection molding. His research encompasses novel processes as well as new materials. He has been working in the area of microcellular injection molding, and has extended his research into nanocomposites, bio-based polymers, and tissue engineering scaffolds. Numerous grants and awards supporting his work have resulted, including the National Science Foundation (NSF) Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Award, several NSF Academic Program Awards, an Industrial Consortium, sponsored research programs, several Wisconsin Innovation & Economic Development Research Program awards, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) Accelerator Program awards, as well as grants from the Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). He is the Co-Director of the Polymer Engineering Center and Engineering Polymer Industrial Consortium at UW-Madison, and NSF Industry/University Corporative Research Center (I/UCRC) that supports faculty research and outreach.

    Turng had been with C-MOLD, a company recognized for its advanced plastics CAE simulation packages, for 10 years before joining UW-Madison in the summer of 2000. At C-MOLD, Turng was the Principal Investigator for four Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I, Phase II projects, and research grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the New York State Science and Technology Foundation.

    At present, Professor Turng has served as the Chair and the Board of Directors of the Injection Molding Division of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE). In addition, he is on the Editorial Board for the Journal of Advances in Polymer Technology, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Journal of Cellular Plastics, and International Journal of Polymer Materials. Professor Turng was the invited panelist and speaker at the 2003 Wisconsin Economic Summit IV and plenary or keynote speaker at a number of other international conferences. He has served as the Chair of the Canadian NSERC Network for Innovative Plastic Materials and Manufacturing Processes (NIPMMP). He has published over 300 technical papers and has authored or edited a dozen books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and special issue journals.

    Professor Turng is a Fellow member of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is the recipient of the 2011 “Engineer of the Year Award” from the Society of Plastics Engineers Injection Molding Division and an Honored Service Member of the SPE in 2014.

    Professor Turng has recently been selected to join the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery (WID) at UW-Madison and lead an interdisciplinary team to develop innovative tissue engineering scaffolds that restore, maintain, or improve the function of diseased or damaged human tissues. He is also the University of Wisconsin–Madison Principal Investigator for the DOD Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute (DMDII) project, one of the President Obama’s National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) institutes.


    Update Profile